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Headword: Καλλιερῶ
Adler number: kappa,219
Translated headword: I obtain good omens, I obtain favorable sacrificial signs
Vetting Status: high
A verb. The second [sc. person singular is] καλλιερεῖς [1]; and the [related] noun καλλιέρημα .[2] Every sacrifice is dear to God.[3] And on the one hand Christians obtain good omens at the time when they bring themselves to God having become contrite in spirit and humbled in heart. But the Greeks[4] consider that they obtain good omens at the time when having sacrificed to some divinity they happen to find auspicious signs in the liver of the sacrificial victim. And they call this the "auspicious sacrifice" whenever the sacrifice is dear to the divinity because of the deceptive signs [that are] revealed.
Greek Original:
Καλλιερῶ: ῥῆμα. τὸ δεύτερον καλλιερεῖς: τὸ δὲ ὄνομα καλλιέρημα. ἔστι δὲ ἕκαστον θῦμα θεῷ φίλον. καὶ Χριστιανοὶ μὲν τότε καλλιεροῦσιν, ὅταν ἑαυτοὺς τῷ θεῷ προσαγάγωσι, πνεῦμα γεγενημένοι συντετριμμένον καὶ καρδία τεταπεινωμένη. Ἕλληνες δὲ τότε καλλιερεῖν νομίζουσιν, ὅταν δαίμονί τινι θύσαντες αἰσίων ἐπιτύχωσι σημείων ἐν τῷ ἥπατι τοῦ ἱερείου. καὶ τοῦτο καλοῦσι καλλιέρημα, ὅταν τῷ δαίμονι τὸ θῦμα ᾖ φίλον διὰ τῶν ἐπιφαινομένων ἀπατηλῶν σημείων.
cf. generally kappa 218. LSJ entry at web address 1. Similar entries in other lexica.
[1] That is, "[you] obtain good omens".
[2] That is, "auspicious sacrifice".
[3] The Etymologicum Gudianum reads more intelligibly καλλιέρημα δέ ἐστιν ἕκαστον ὃ τῷ θεῷ προσάγουσι φίλον θυμάτων "'auspicious sacrifice' is every sacrifice which they offer [that is] pleasing to God."
[4] Or, "pagans."
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: Christianity; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; medicine; religion; zoology
Translated by: Charlie Brooks on 9 December 2002@11:13:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 10 December 2002@04:32:59.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@09:36:04.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 24 January 2013@08:49:02.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 2 September 2013@20:21:27.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 23 March 2019@17:29:26.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 23 March 2019@20:32:33.
Catharine Roth (rearranged notes) on 13 April 2019@22:52:39.


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