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Headword: *kornou=tos
Adler number: kappa,2098
Translated headword: Cornutus
Vetting Status: high
There were two Roman writers, Titus Livius,[1] whose name spread in greatness and fame, and Cornutus. I hear that the latter was rich and childless, but not at all worthy. So great was the difference of disciples between these men that very many heard Cornutus, streaming together to serve and flatter the man and in the hope of an inheritance because of his childlessness; on the other hand Livius’ [disciples] were few, but they benefited both in beauty of soul and in eloquence.[2] And this is how things were. But time, unbuyable and unbribed, and truth, its protector and attendant and guardian, not needing money, and not dreaming of a succession from property, and not conquered by anything else disgraceful and false and knavish and not at all free, brought the one man to light and uncovered him, just like a hidden treasure 'that contained much and good', as Homer says[3] -- this Livius. But on the man who was rich and thus surrounded by his money they poured down oblivion -- on Cornutus. And [sc. now] virtually nobody knows him.
This Cornutus [was] a philosopher from Leptis;[4] Leptis [is] a city of Libya; he lived in Rome at the time of [sc. the emperor] Nero,[5] by whose orders he was banished along with Musonius.[6] He wrote many works, both philosophical and rhetorical.
Greek Original:
*kornou=tos: du/w suggrafe/e *(rwmai/wn h)/sthn, *ti=tos *li/bios, ou(= diarrei= polu\ kai\ kleino\n o)/noma, kai\ *kornou=tos. plou/sion me\n ou)=n a)kou/w kai\ a)/paida tou=ton, spoudai=on de\ ou)de\n o)/nta. tosau/th de\ h)=n h( diaforo/ths e)s tou/sde tou\s a)/ndras tw=n a)krowme/nwn, w(s tou= me\n *kornou/tou pamplei/stous a)kou/ein, qerapei/a| te kai\ kolakei/a| tou= a)ndro\s surre/ontas kai\ dia\ th\n a)paidi/an e)lpi/di klhronomi/as: tou= ge mh\n *libi/ou o)li/gous, a)lla\ w(=n ti o)/felos h)=n kai\ e)n ka/llei yuxh=s kai\ e)n eu)glwtti/a|. kai\ tau=ta me\n e)pra/tteto. o( xro/nos de\ o( a)/prato/s te kai\ a)de/kastos kai\ h( tou/tou fu/lac kai\ o)pado\s kai\ e)/foros a)lh/qeia, mh/te xrhma/twn deo/menoi, mhde\ mh\n o)neiropolou=ntes e)k klh/rou diadoxh/n, mh/t' a)/llw| tw| ai)sxrw=| kai\ kibdh/lw| te kai\ kaph/lw| kai\ h(/kista e)leuqe/rw| a(lisko/menoi, to\n me\n a)ne/fhnan kai\ e)ceka/luyan, w(/sper kekrumme/non qhsauro\n kai\ kexando/ta polla\ kai\ e)sqla/, to\ tou= *(omh/rou, tou=ton to\n *li/bion: tou= de\ plousi/ou kai\ me/ntoi kai\ perirreome/nou toi=s xrh/masi lh/qhn katexe/anto tou= *kornou/tou. kai\ i)/sasin h)/ tis h)\ ou)dei\s au)to/n. ou(=tos o( *kornou=tos *lepti/ths filo/sofos: *lepti\s de\ po/lis *libu/hs: gegonw\s e)n *(rw/mh| e)pi\ *ne/rwnos kai\ pro\s au)tou= a)naireqei\s su\n tw=| *mouswni/w|. e)/graye polla\ filo/sofa/ te kai\ r(htorika/.
Lucius Annaeus Cornutus, a Stoic philosopher. See OCD(4) 'Annaeus Cornutus, Lucius' (by Leofranc Holford-Strevens), and Wikipedia article at web address 1. See also Cassius Dio 62.29; Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica s.v. *Te/rgis; Etymologicum Magnum s.v. *Zeu/s and omega 182.
The first and principal paragraph of the present entry is Aelian fr. 86 Domingo-Forasté (83 Hercher).
[1] Titus Livius (Livy) 59 BCE-17 CE, author of Ab urbe condita; see page, with biographical information and links to the text, at web address 2.
[2] Repeated at omicron 995.
[3] Homer, Odyssey 4.96 (web address 3).
[4] Leptis (or Lepcis) Magna in Libya (Barrington Atlas map 35 grid G2). A comprehensive related website by Dr. Hafed Walda is at web address 4.
[5] See nu 254, and Herbert Benario's DIR entry at web address 5.
[6] The Stoic philosopher Gaius Musonius Rufus; see mu 1305 and the notes there.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: biography; children; chronology; economics; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 30 December 2008@21:13:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented primary note; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 December 2008@05:13:07.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 12 March 2013@08:12:01.
Catharine Roth (updated reference) on 13 June 2013@01:32:48.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes and links) on 2 September 2013@21:01:11.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 2 September 2013@21:03:39.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@07:24:35.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 28 November 2014@22:34:40.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 December 2014@23:13:58.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 5 January 2020@00:49:47.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 7 March 2021@22:06:11.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 8 March 2021@00:31:13.
Ronald Allen (added atlas reference n.4) on 8 March 2021@10:56:28.


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