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Headword: Κόλυβα
Adler number: kappa,1970
Translated headword: kolyba, kollyva
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] boiled grain.
Greek Original:
Κόλυβα: σῖτος ἑψητός.
Notes:
Same entry in ps.-Zonaras; similar one (but with the headword spelled with double lambda) in e.g. Hesychius kappa3347.
This rare word is attested elsewhere as a foodstuff for sick horses, but in Palladius' Life of Chrysostom it refers to the food of a monk (PG 47.71; see Lampe s.v.), and Adler mentions the role of kollyva in the hagiography of St. Theodore the Tyro, citing DuCange s.v. According to the story, in the first week of Lent the emperor Julian ordered all the bread sold in the marketplace to be contaminated with the blood of sacrificed animals; St. Theodore appeared in a dream to the patriarch of Constantinople, Eudoxius, and told him to instruct the people not to buy bread but to eat only boiled wheat grains. See web address 1 (February 18).
Nowadays the word is applied to boiled wheat (sweetened and spiced) used at memorial services for the dead. This usage is attested from Byzantine times: see Wikipedia entry at web address 2.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: Christianity; definition; ethics; food; medicine; religion; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 November 2003@01:08:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added alternative headword, note, keyword) on 4 November 2003@03:25:02.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords) on 4 November 2003@03:25:57.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 4 November 2003@23:42:32.
David Whitehead (typo; other cosmetics) on 5 November 2003@03:04:34.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 24 November 2003@18:58:58.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 21 February 2004@22:22:39.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 8 October 2005@11:34:59.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 7 March 2013@06:45:08.
Catharine Roth (replaced second link, at K. Zafeiris' suggestion) on 10 March 2013@20:43:40.

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