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Headword: Κογχύλαι
Adler number: kappa,1901
Translated headword: small cockles, small mussels
Vetting Status: high
"Just like vultures and dogs, [many] of the winged and footed [creatures], lay hold of scents from afar due to the force of the air; thus also fish, of those that live in water, lay hold of scents from afar because this force is also in the water. At any rate small cockles/mussels, without possessing sight, clearly chase after a bait, and likewise crocodiles, when pieces of meat are dangling above the surface of the water, chase after them."[1]
Greek Original:
Κογχύλαι: ὅτι ὥσπερ τῶν πτηνῶν καὶ πεζῶν οἱ γῦπες καὶ οἱ κύνες πόρρωθεν τῶν ὀσμῶν ἀντιλαμβάνονται διὰ τὴν δίοσμον τοῦ ἀέρος δύναμιν, οὕτω καὶ τῶν ἐνύδρων διὰ τὸ εἶναι καὶ ἐν ὕδατι τὴν δύναμιν ταύτην, πόρρωθεν τῶν ὀσμῶν οἱ ἰχθύες ἀντιλαμβάνονται. αἱ κογχύλαι γοῦν ὄψιν οὐκ ἔχουσαι φαίνονται δελέατι ἐφεπόμεναι, ὁμοίως καὶ οἱ κροκόδειλοι τῶν κρεῶν ὑπὲρ τὴν ἐπιφάνειαν τοῦ ὕδατος κρεμαμένων ἐφέπονται αὐτοῖς.
The headword κογχύλαι , presumably extracted from the quotation given, is nominative plural of the feminine noun κογχύλη , a rare diminutive variant of κόγχη (kappa 1899, kappa 1900). Its equally rare Latin form, noted in Lewis & Short s.v. (and attested in Celsus and Valerius Maximus) is conchula.
[1] John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 391.3-8 Hayduck (here abridged).
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; medicine; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Steven Embree on 7 April 2009@17:10:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; internal rearrangement; augmented notes and keywords) on 8 April 2009@03:44:43.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 8 April 2009@11:16:18.
David Whitehead on 6 March 2013@05:51:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 7 March 2013@00:19:12.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@10:03:51.


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