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Headword: Καλάβροψ
Adler number: kappa,189
Translated headword: crook
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] herder's staff.[1]
Being heavier in the head, [the term comes] from to sink down (κάτω ῥέπειν ).[2]
"To direct the animal with a crook" (Philostratus); "which you see him applying to the animal like a hook."[3]
Greek Original:
Καλάβροψ: βουκολικὴ ῥάβδος. βαρυτέρα οὖσα τῇ κεφαλῇ ἀπὸ τοῦ κάτω ῥέπειν. εὐθύνειν τὸ θηρίον καλάβροπι [Φιλόστρατος]: ἣν ὁρᾷς αὐτὸν ἐμβάλλοντα τῷ θηρίῳ ὡς ἄγκυραν.
Notes:
See also Hesychius under the headword καλαύροπα (kappa420) and Photius' Lexicon under καλαύρωψ (kappa109, obelized there by Theodoridis). LSJ also uses the same spelling as Photius, but with a circumflex rather than acute accent and omicron rather than omega: καλαῦροψ . See web address 1 below for the LSJ entry. The orthographical variation probably reflects similar pronunciation of β and post-vocalic υ (both approximating English "v") in the later development of Greek.
[1] cf. (for this and what follows) the scholia to Homer, Iliad 23.845.
[2] The proposed etymology is partially correct. The term probably developed from καλά- and -fρωψ . The first part of the compound is of uncertain origin, but the latter part is derived from *fρέπω (sc. later ῥέπω ).
[3] An awkward presentation of Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 2.11. [Both the text of Philostratus and Adler's ms F (Laurentianus 55.1) use the spelling καλαύροπι .]
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 March 2008@02:03:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 10 March 2008@05:55:07.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more keywords; tweaking) on 23 January 2013@08:21:52.
David Whitehead (small tweaks) on 29 April 2016@04:02:14.
Catharine Roth (expanded note, tweaked link) on 21 March 2019@00:29:56.

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