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Headword: Καλάβροψ
Adler number: kappa,189
Translated headword: crook
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] herder's staff.[1]
Being heavier in the head, [the term comes] from to sink down (κάτω ῥέπειν ).[2]
"To direct the animal with a crook" (Philostratus); "which you see him applying to the animal like a hook."[3]
Greek Original:
Καλάβροψ: βουκολικὴ ῥάβδος. βαρυτέρα οὖσα τῇ κεφαλῇ ἀπὸ τοῦ κάτω ῥέπειν. εὐθύνειν τὸ θηρίον καλάβροπι [Φιλόστρατος]: ἣν ὁρᾷς αὐτὸν ἐμβάλλοντα τῷ θηρίῳ ὡς ἄγκυραν.
See also Hesychius under the headword καλαύροπα (kappa420) and Photius' Lexicon under καλαύρωψ (kappa109, obelized there by Theodoridis). LSJ also uses the same spelling as Photius, but with a circumflex rather than acute accent and omicron rather than omega: καλαῦροψ . See web address 1 below for the LSJ entry. The orthographical variation probably reflects similar pronunciation of β and post-vocalic υ (both approximating English "v") in the later development of Greek.
[1] cf. (for this and what follows) the scholia to Homer, Iliad 23.845.
[2] The proposed etymology is partially correct. The term probably developed from καλά- and -fρωψ . The first part of the compound is of uncertain origin, but the latter part is derived from *fρέπω (sc. later ῥέπω ).
[3] An awkward presentation of Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 2.11. [Both the text of Philostratus and Adler's ms F (Laurentianus 55.1) use the spelling καλαύροπι .]
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 March 2008@02:03:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 10 March 2008@05:55:07.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more keywords; tweaking) on 23 January 2013@08:21:52.
David Whitehead (small tweaks) on 29 April 2016@04:02:14.
Catharine Roth (expanded note, tweaked link) on 21 March 2019@00:29:56.


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