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Headword: Κίδαρις
Adler number: kappa,1588
Translated headword: kidaris, kitaris
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a covering for the head or something woven out of the hair, or a kind of kamilavkion,[1] which is also thought of as a tiara;[2] but some call kidaris a felt cap[3] or a wreath or a turban[4] or Persian royal hat, or the headband which the priests wear.[5]
Greek Original:
Κίδαρις: περίθεμα κεφαλῆς ἢ ἐκ τῆς τριχὸς ὕφασμα, ἤτοι εἶδος καμηλαυκίου, ὃ καὶ τιάρα νοεῖται: τινὲς δὲ κίδαριν λέγουσι περικράνιον πιλίον ἢ στέφανον ἢ φακιόλιον ἢ πῖλον βασιλικὸν Περσῶν: ἢ τὸ στρόφιον, ὃ οἱ ἱερεῖς φοροῦσιν.
Notes:
Same or similar entry in other lexica; see the references at Photius kappa699 Theodoridis. The headword itself is variously kidaris, as here, and -- in e.g. Ktesias -- kitaris (see under tau 547).
[1] cf. kappa 281, sigma 594.
[2] cf. tau 547.
[3] cf. pi 1602.
[4] cf. phi 27, phi 28; from Latin faciale "face-cloth."
[5] cf. sigma 1222. The word is used in the Septuagint for the turban worn by the high priest.
Reference:
Christopher Tuplin, "Treacherous Hearts and Upright Tiaras: The Achaemenid King's Head-Dress," Persian Responses: Political and Cultural Interaction with(in) the Achaemenid Empire, ed. C. Tuplin (Swansea 2007) 67-97
Keywords: botany; clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 November 2008@01:24:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 21 November 2008@03:12:00.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 26 February 2009@23:41:31.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 24 February 2013@05:51:13.
Catharine Roth (added a cross-reference) on 19 October 2013@01:10:45.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@07:32:41.

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