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Headword: Κιγκλιδάριοι
Adler number: kappa,1581
Translated headword: gatekeepers
Vetting Status: high
[sc. So named] from the kinklis ["latticed gate"].[1]
"Those in whose care had been placed the archives[2], and [concern] over other orderly behaviour; and [ensuring] that not everyone who wanted to could come inside pell-mell."[3]
Greek Original:
Κιγκλιδάριοι: ἀπὸ τῆς κιγκλίδος. οἷς δὴ τὰ ἀρχεῖα ἐπεφρόντιστο, τῆς τε ἄλλης εὐκοσμίας πέρι, καὶ ὅπως μὴ χύδην ἅπασι τοῖς βουλομένοις εἰσιτητέα εἴη.
The headword occurs only here. Its -άριος suffix indicates it is patterned after Latin terms, such as καγκελλάριος "chancellor" -- which originates in the same metonymy: cancellarius > cancelli "lattices, crossbars, which surrounded the seat of judgment". The word καγκελλάριος is attested in Greek (Lampe s.v.), and κιγκλίς (LSJ s.v.), being specific to courts and assemblyhouses, has the same associations: κιγκλιδάριος may be a partial calque.
[1] kappa 1582, kappa 1583.
[2] Or: town halls, boards of magistrates.
[3] Agathias, Histories 1.19 (on Narses [nu 42] at Ravenna); glossing not the present headword but a more general category of officials.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 20 November 2008@05:22:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 November 2008@05:54:32.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr, at the translator's suggestion; my typo) on 20 November 2008@07:35:32.
David Whitehead on 24 February 2013@05:27:17.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@14:48:15.


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