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Headword: Κηρύλος
Adler number: kappa,1549
Translated headword: kerulos, kerylos
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the male [h]alcyon,[1] which dies in intercourse. Euphronios reports that the Dorians say "would that, would that I were a κηρύλος ";[2] but the Attic-speakers [call it] κειρύλος . When the males grow old the females support them with their wings. And perhaps [the word] is formed from the [verb] κείρειν ["to cut the hair"], for Sporgilos was a barber. Plato mentions him in Sophists: "Sporgilos' barbershop, most hateful shack."[3]
Greek Original:
Κηρύλος: ὁ ἄρρην ἀλκυών, ὃς ἐν ταῖς συνουσίαις ἀποθνήσκει. Εὐφρόνιός φησι τοὺς Δωριεῖς λέγειν, βάλε δέ, βάλε, κηρύλος εἴην: τοὺς δὲ Ἀττικοὺς κειρύλον. τοὺς δὲ ἄρρενας γηράσκοντας αἱ θήλειαι βαστάζουσι τοῖς πτεροῖς. καὶ μήποτε παρὰ τὸ κείρειν ἐσχημάτισται. ὁ γὰρ Σποργίλος ἦν κουρεύς. μνημονεύει αὐτοῦ Πλάτων ἐν Σοφισταῖς: τὸ Σποργίλου κουρεῖον, ἔχθιστον τέγος.
From a scholion on Aristophanes, Birds 299 (web address 1); cf. Photius, Lexicon kappa522 Theodoridis (s.v. κείρυλοι , from Pausanias the Atticist), and other references there.
[1] The kerulos was a mythical sea-bird, identified with the alkyon (the Mediterranean kingfisher, Alcedo ispida, alpha 1300) or with the male of this species.
[2] For this idiom cf. beta 70.
[3] Plato Comicus fr. 135 Kock (144 Kassel-Austin), quoted again at sigma 964. For 'shack' see tau 216.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; mythology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 November 2008@00:23:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; another note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 November 2008@03:26:44.
David Whitehead on 19 November 2008@03:27:13.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 22 February 2013@05:57:26.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 24 February 2013@00:17:33.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 May 2016@05:02:16.


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