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Headword: Κεφαλή
Adler number: kappa,1446
Translated headword: head, extremity
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[sc. So named] from having curvature of the spine [κεκυφῶσθαι ], or rather [from] being bent over [κεκάμφθαι ]. And physicians call it σκαφεῖον ["bowl"]. And Hippocrates [calls it] κύβητος .[1] But the Macedonians [call it] κέβη , using beta instead of phi, as in Pherenike, [whom they call] Berenike.[2]
Greek Original:
Κεφαλή: παρὰ τὸ κεκυφῶσθαι, ἤγουν κεκάμφθαι. καὶ οἱ ἰατροὶ σκαφεῖον αὐτὸ καλοῦσι. καὶ ὁ Ἱπποκράτης δὲ κύβητον. Μακεδόνες δὲ κέβην, τὸ β ἀντὶ τοῦ φ λαμβάνοντες, ὡς ἐπὶ Φερενίκης, Βερενίκης.
Notes:
Same entry, according to Adler, in Anecdota Oxoniensia ed. Cramer 2.256.27.
[1] cf. kappa 2596; see also Etymologicum Magnum 543.6.
[2] For Berenike see under phi 828. One of the few facts known about the ancient Macedonian language is that Proto-Indoeuropean voiced aspirates appear as voiced stops (written with beta, delta, and gamma), in contrast to all known Greek dialects, which have voiceless aspirates (phi, theta, chi). The Macedonian word for "head" appears as κεβλή in Callimachus fr. 657 Pfeiffer; see also κεβλήπυρις "red-capped bird" in Aristophanes, Birds 303. Hesychius kappa1959 has κεβαλή glossed with κεφαλή. κύλιξ . For more information, see the Wikipedia entry at web address 1.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 11 November 2008@20:34:50.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks) on 12 November 2008@03:39:59.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 2, added link) on 13 November 2008@00:14:43.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 20 February 2013@05:09:43.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 21 February 2013@23:52:09.

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