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Headword: Κευθμώνων
Adler number: kappa,1438
Translated headword: of hiding-places
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] of hidden places, of innermost [ones].
Greek Original:
Κευθμώνων: κρυπτῶν τόπων, ἐνδοτάτων.
Likewise or similarly in other lexica; see the references at Photius kappa633 Theodoridis (and kappa 1436).
This particular genitive plural (already under alpha 425) is first attested in Synesius (Hymns 1.624) and Origen (Selecta in Psalmos PG 12.1509). However it seems to have been a variant of κευθμῶν in Homer, Iliad 13.29: ἄταλλε δὲ κήτε' ὑπ' αὐτοῦ ́ πάντοθεν ἐκ κευθμῶν "and sea creatures came gamboling to him [Poseidon] out of their lairs, from every quarter". Apollonius in his Homeric Lexicon s.v. κευθμῶνες accounts for κευθμῶν in the passage as a syncope of κευθμώνων , and the D scholia ad loc. have the reading πάντοθεν ἐκ κευθμώνων .
It is instead assumed that this passage uses a distinct noun κευθμός , a hapax in Homer, with the same meaning. The dispute is noted in the scholia vetera: "some consider it a syncope, while others posit κευθμός , like τε[υ]θμός , in the Ionic dialect, [κευθμός :κευθμών ] like βαθύλειμος :βαθυλείμων ." Aristonicus (1 BC-1 CE), De signis Iliadis ad loc. posits the κευθμός reading as a reason why the passage was marked by editors of the Iliad with a diple; and κευθμός was used unambiguously by Callimachus (Hymn to Zeus 34: κευθμόν ) and Lycophron (Alexandra 317: κευθμῷ ). Of course this only proves that Hellenistic scholarship had decided κευθμός existed as a separate noun.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 11 November 2008@03:30:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 November 2008@04:32:50.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 February 2013@09:37:17.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 April 2015@22:57:35.


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