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Headword: Κερδάνῃ
Adler number: kappa,1385
Translated headword: should gain, would gain
Vetting Status: high
[Used] with an accusative. Aorist subjunctive. But κερδανεῖ ["he/she/it will gain"] [sc. is also attested].
Greek Original:
Κερδάνῃ: αἰτιατικῇ. αὐθυπότακτον. Κερδανεῖ δέ.
One of the many Suda entries which differentiate between two verb forms with very similar spelling. In the present instance they are probably both extracted from Sophocles: Oedipus at Colonus 72 and Oedipus Tyrannus 889, respectively.
The entry also illustrates that κερδαίνω in Attic, being a liquid verb, takes an apparently non-sigmatic aorist and future (κερδαν -). Later Greek used the sigmatic stem κερδησ- instead, which presumably is why kappa 1384 was introduced as a gloss.
Properly the adjective αὐθυπότακτος refers to the second aorist, but it can also refer to the first aorist (which it does here) (LSJ s.v.); e.g. delta 655, pi 1031.
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; tragedy
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 2 November 2008@00:11:34.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 2 November 2008@01:58:13.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 2 November 2008@04:41:48.
David Whitehead (modified note, at the translator's wish) on 2 November 2008@05:29:49.
David Whitehead on 18 February 2013@08:27:07.


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