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Headword: Κατωνάκη
Adler number: kappa,1114
Translated headword: katonake
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
It is a cloak [which has] a fleece [nakos] [hanging] from the lower [kato] parts, that is a wrapped-around hide. They[1] seem to have adopted this garment when the Athenians were under duress from the [Peisistratid] tyrants, so that the citizens would be too poor to come into town. For it stretched down to the knees. Aristophanes [writes]: "do you not know that when the Spartans came again in force and killed many Thessalians and many companions and allies of Hippias, [they freed] you katonake-wearers?"[2] For indeed most of the Thessalians were helping Hippias.
Greek Original:
Κατωνάκη: ἱμάτιόν ἐστιν ἐκ τῶν κάτω μερῶν νάκος, τουτέστι διφθέραν περιερραμμένον. δοκοῦσι δὲ ἀμφιέσασθαι τοῦτο, τῶν τυράννων ἐπαναγκασάντων τοὺς Ἀθηναίους, ἵνα ὑπὸ εὐτελείας μὴ κατίωσιν εἰς ἄστυ οἱ πολῖται. μέχρι γὰρ τῶν γονάτων ἦν διῆκον. Ἀριστοφάνης: οὐκ ἴσθ' ὅθ' ὑμᾶς οἱ Λάκωνες αὖθις αὖ κατωνάκας φοροῦντας, ἐλθόντες δορὶ πολλοὺς μὲν ἄνδρας Θετταλῶν ἀπώλεσαν, πολλοὺς δ' ἑταίρους Ἱππία καὶ ξυμμάχους. καὶ γὰρ καὶ τῶν Θετταλῶν οἱ πλεῖστοι ἐβοήθουν Ἱππίᾳ.
Notes:
See also kappa 1115.
[1] Hesychius s.v., from which this sentence derives, makes the subject explicit: "Athenians".
[2] Aristophanes, Lysistrata 1150-53 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there to follow. See Henderson [below] 202-4, including (203) the suggestion that "later tradition that the tyrants of Athens and of Sikyon forced citizens to wear servile clothing may have been inferred from this passage". For a full argument to this effect see already D. Whitehead, "The serfs of Sikyon", Liverpool Classical Monthly 6 (1981) 37-41.
Reference:
Aristophanes, Lysistrata, edited with introduction and commentary by Jeffrey Henderson (Oxford 1987)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; history; politics; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 July 2001@07:28:02.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (supplemented translation, added link) on 10 September 2003@21:33:39.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 September 2003@03:07:47.
David Whitehead on 11 February 2013@06:58:32.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 15 February 2013@00:15:03.

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