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Headword: Κατωκάρα
Adler number: kappa,1109
Translated headword: head downwards
Vetting Status: high
Attic [speakers] read it under one [word]. Aristophanes [writes]: "if it were to be hung from its feet head downwards".[1] Meaning κατὰ κεφαλῆς ["down upon the head"]. To fall on [one's] head is said "head downwards" amongst Attic [speakers], not separately, but as one [word]. Pindar [writes]: "they bind them head downwards with chains."[2]
Agathias [writes]: "enduring from face down and falling head downwards to the sea, they died."[3]
And Aristophanes [writes]: "it would graze after throwing me head downwards".[4] Speaking about the dung-beetle.[5]
Greek Original:
Κατωκάρα: οἱ Ἀττικοὶ ὑφ' ἓν ἀναγινώσκουσιν. Ἀριστοφάνης: εἴπερ ἐκ ποδῶν κατωκάρα κρέμαιτο. ἀντὶ τοῦ κατὰ κεφαλῆς. τὸ ἐπὶ κεφαλὴν πεσεῖν κατωκάρα λέγεται παρὰ Ἀττικοῖς, οὐ διῃρημένως, ἀλλ' ὑφ' ἕν. Πίνδαρος: οἱ μὲν κατωκάρα δεσμοῖσι δέδενται. Ἀγαθίας: οἱ δὲ ἐκ τοῦ πρανοῦς ὑποφερόμενοι καὶ ἐς τὴν θάλατταν κατωκάρα ἐμπίπτοντες ἀπώλλυντο. καὶ Ἀριστοφάνης: κατωκάρα ῥίψας με βουκολήσεται. περὶ κανθάρου λέγων.
[1] Aristophanes, Acharnians 945, with scholion.
[2] Pindar fr.161.
[3] Agathias, Histories 42.5 (2.2 Niebuhr); cf. rho 217.
[4] Aristophanes, Peace 153.
[5] cf. kappa 310.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; historiography; history; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Mage Macchione on 24 March 2008@09:11:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 24 March 2008@09:22:17.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 5 October 2010@01:49:08.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 11 February 2013@06:37:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@14:49:03.


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