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Headword: Ἴβυκος
Adler number: iota,80
Translated headword: Ibykos, Ibycus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Ibycus] son of Phytios, but others [say] of Polyzelos the Messenian historiographer,[1] others yet of Kerdas. His family was from Rhegium.[2] From there he came to Samos when Polycrates the father of the tyrant was ruling.[3] This was at the time of Croesus, in the 54th Olympiad.[4] He became obsessed with the love of boys and was the first to invent the so-called sambuke (a kind of three-cornered kithara).[5] There are 7 books of his in the Doric dialect. When he was captured by robbers in a deserted place, he said that the very cranes which happened to be flying over would become his avengers. And he himself was killed; but after this one of the robbers in the city saw some cranes and said, "Behold the avengers of Ibycus."[6] When someone heard this and followed up on these words, the deed was confessed and the robbers were punished. So from this came the proverb, "the cranes of Ibycus".[7]
Greek Original:
Ἴβυκος, Φυτίου, οἱ δὲ Πολυζήλου τοῦ Μεσσηνίου ἱστοριογράφου, οἱ δὲ Κέρδαντος: γένει Ῥηγῖνος. ἐνθένδε εἰς Σάμον ἦλθεν, ὅτε αὐτῆς ἦρχεν ὁ Πολυκράτης τοῦ τυράννου πατήρ. χρόνος δὲ οὗτος ὁ ἐπὶ Κροίσου, ὀλυμπιὰς νδ#. γέγονε δὲ ἐρωτομανέστατος περὶ μειράκια καὶ πρῶτος εὗρε τὴν καλουμένην σαμβύκην: εἶδος δέ ἐστι κιθάρας τριγώνου. ἔστι δὲ αὐτοῦ τὰ βιβλία ζ# τῇ Δωρίδι διαλέκτῳ. συλληφθεὶς δὲ ὑπὸ λῃστῶν ἐπὶ ἐρημίας ἔφη, κἂν τὰς γεράνους, ἃς ἔτυχεν ὑπερίπτασθαι, ἐκδίκους γενέσθαι. καὶ αὐτὸς μὲν ἀνῃρέθη: μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα τῶν λῃστῶν εἷς ἐν τῇ πόλει θεασάμενος γεράνους ἔφη: ἴδε, αἱ Ἰβύκου ἔκδικοι. ἀκούσαντος δέ τινος καὶ ἐπεξελθόντος τῷ εἰρημένῳ, τό τε γεγονὸς ὡμολογήθη, καὶ δίκας ἔδωκαν οἱ λῃσταί: ὡς ἐκ τούτου καὶ παροιμίαν γενέσθαι, αἱ Ἰβύκου γέρανοι.
Notes:
OCD(4) s.v.; a western Greek poet of choral lyric, 6th c. BCE. See already iota 77, iota 78, iota 79.
[1] Not otherwise known.
[2] Present-day Reggio di Calabria, in southern Italy; a Doric-speaking area.
[3] See on this Graham Shipley, A History of Samos (Oxford 1987) 70 with n.7.
[4] 564-561. Eusebius puts his floruit in the 61st Olympiad (536-533). For Croesus (Kroisos), see kappa 2497 etc.
[5] See sambukai: sigma 73 (also iota 29).
[6] cf. Plutarch, Moralia 2.509F.
[7] Zenobius 1.37 and other paroemiographers.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; meter and music; poetry; politics; proverbs; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 April 2002@14:00:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 April 2002@04:02:15.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 24 August 2010@00:32:05.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 8 January 2013@07:35:46.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@03:32:33.

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