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Headword: Ἰφικράτης
Adler number: iota,772
Translated headword: Iphikrates, Iphicrates
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of a cobbler; Athenian; an orator and general. He was the first to have mention of the general inscribed on arms-dedications; previously only the name of the city had been inscribed.[1]
Greek Original:
Ἰφικράτης, σκυτέως πατρός, Ἀθηναῖος, ῥήτωρ καὶ στρατηγός: ὃς πρῶτος ἐν τοῖς λαφύροις τὸ ἐπίγραμμα ἐποίησε μεμνημένον τοῦ στρατηγοῦ, πρότερον μόνης τῆς πόλεως ἐπιγραφομένης.
Notes:
First half of C4 BCE. See already iota 770, iota 771, and generally OCD(4) s.v. Iphicrates.
[1] This claim is quoted and, seemingly, accepted by W.K. Pritchett, The Greek State at War, iii (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1979) 270. The earlier case of the Spartan Pausanias, also mentioned by Pritchett, can presumably be discounted because it was deemed unacceptable (see Thucydides 1.132.3, etc.), but a proper assessment of exactly what the Suda is here claiming about Iphikrates -- e.g. first Athenian to do this? -- needs further work.
Keywords: architecture; biography; chronology; daily life; geography; law; military affairs; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 26 August 2001@07:48:10.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 4 August 2003@00:41:57.
David Whitehead (augmented keywords; added x-ref; cosmetics) on 4 August 2003@04:54:00.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2013@09:46:25.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@04:01:56.

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