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Headword: Ἶφι
Adler number: iota,764
Translated headword: by force
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] strongly.[1]
The syllable -φι is preserved in every case [of the declension].[2] In a nominative: "a road in both directions."[3] In a genitive: "from bronze."[4] In a dative: "with insanity."[5] In an accusative: "on the right."[6] In a vocative: "cry out to heaven."[7] But only νόσφι and ἶφι were transferred to an adverbial function.[8]
Greek Original:
Ἶφι: ἰσχυρῶς. ἡ εἰς φι συλλαβὴ κατὰ πᾶσαν πτῶσιν φυλάττεται. εὐθείᾳ: ὁδὸς δ' ἑτέρηφι. γενικῇ: ἀπὸ χαλκόφι. δοτικῇ: παραφροσύνηφι. αἰτιατικῇ: ἐπὶ δεξιόφι. κλητικῇ: οὐρανίαφι λίγαινε. τὸ δὲ νόσφι καὶ ἶφι μόνα μετέπεσον εἰς ἐπιρρηματικὴν σύνταξιν.
Notes:
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica and in several Homeric scholia; see the references at Photius iota276 Theodoridis. The headword itself is taken to be quoted from Homer: see Iliad 1.38, 1.151, etc.
[2] The suffix -φι seems to be an old instrumental ending, attested in Homer and in Mycenean, which did not obtain a place in the Greek declensional system. For what follows here cf. e.g. Apollonius Dyscolus in Grammatici Graeci 1.1.165.4-8.
[3] Hesiod, Works and Days 216.
[4] Homer, Iliad 11.351.
[5] Quotation unidentifiable.
[6] Homer, Iliad 13.308.
[7] An approximation of Alcman fr.28 Page (which actually has ὠρανίαφι ).
[8] For νόσφι , see nu 502.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 December 2001@21:51:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 20 December 2001@03:10:07.
Catharine Roth (added betacode) on 5 October 2008@01:49:38.
David Whitehead (tweaked and expanded notes) on 16 January 2013@09:30:54.
David Whitehead (coding) on 27 April 2016@07:40:51.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 29 June 2016@10:02:38.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation and note) on 1 March 2019@01:43:18.

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