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Headword: Ἴϋγξ
Adler number: iota,759
Translated headword: Jynx, Iunx
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A daughter of Echo or Peitho [Persuasion], conqueror-in-the-games[1] and of Aphrodite; bewitching Zeus with drugs she was turned to stone for such things by Hera.[2] And she was called kinaidion ['little pervert'] by some. There is also a little instrument which is called iunx, which enchantresses are accustomed to turn about as they cast charms on their beloveds. It is also a bird, which is believed to have the same power.[3] Wherefore they bind [them] on wheels.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἴϋγξ, Ἠχοῦς ἢ Πειθοῦς θυγάτηρ, ἱερονίκης καὶ Ἀφροδίτης: καταφαρμάττουσα δὲ τὸν Δία ἐπὶ τοιούτοις ἀπελιθώθη ὑπὸ Ἥρας. καλεῖται δὲ ὑπ' ἐνίων κιναίδιον. ἔστι δὲ καὶ ὀργάνιόν τι ἴϋγξ καλούμενον, ὅπερ εἰώθασιν αἱ φαρμακίδες στρέφειν, ὡς κατακηλούμεναι τοὺς ἀγαπωμένους. ἔστι δὲ καὶ ὄρνεόν τι, ᾧ πρόσειται τὴν αὐτὴν δύναμιν ἔχειν. ὅθεν δεσμεύουσι τοῖς τροχίσκοις.
Notes:
Same entry in Photius (Lexicon iota273 Theodoridis); similar matrual in other lexica, and in scholia on Pindar (Pythian 4.381a, Nemean 4.56) and Theocritus (Idylls 2.17).
See also iota 758, iota 760, iota 761.
[1] Adler prints the transmitted ἱερονίκης but notes it as corrupt. In his Photius edition Theodoridis prints (but obelizes) Porson's conjecture ἱερὰ Νίκης , "priestess(?) of Nike and of Aphrodite".
[2] The Suda omits from this sentence the phrase (in Photius and one of the Pindar scholia) ἐπὶ Ἰοῖ .
[3] The wryneck, Jynx torquilla, a Eurasian woodpecker; cf. Peterson, et al. (156).
[4] cf. Jobling s.v. Jynx (212), Nelson (443-456), and iota 760 note.
References:
R. Peterson, G. Montfort, and P. Hollom, A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe, (New York, 1993)
J.A. Jobling, Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names, (London, 2010)
G.W. Nelson, "A Greek Votive Iynx-Wheel in Boston," American Journal of Archaeology 44 (1940) 443-456
Keywords: daily life; definition; gender and sexuality; mythology; poetry; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 3 December 2000@10:34:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added note) on 4 August 2003@00:34:49.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 4 August 2003@00:36:16.
David Whitehead (modified translation) on 4 August 2003@04:45:34.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 January 2013@08:19:45.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 25 January 2013@22:06:35.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 27 April 2016@07:39:09.
Ronald Allen (added notes, bibliography, and keyword) on 28 February 2019@14:25:01.

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