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Headword: Ἰατρός
Adler number: iota,63
Translated headword: doctor
Vetting Status: high
[It has] a short [iota] in Aristophanes in Wealth: "what doctor, then, is there now in the city?".[1]
But in Homer [sc. it has a long one]: "a doctor man, you see [...]".[2]
"A doctor [is] an expert, someone who not only heals but also knows the basis for the healing".[3]
But [sc. note also the term] medical-practitioners. [Note] that doctors also wrote about airs, mountains and waters. There are compositions of Hippokrates written on such subjects: about airs, places and waters.[4]
[Note] that doctors are in the habit, through boastfulness, of naming plants after their native countries, such as 'Cyrenean' juice, 'Lakonian' spurge.[5]
And present-day ones [speak of] Pontic Rhubarb and non-Greek Rhubarb.[6]
For doctoring see under 'health' [upsilon 23].
Greek Original:
Ἰατρός: βραχὺ παρὰ Ἀριστοφάνει ἐν Πλούτῳ: τί δῆτ' ἰατρός ἐστι νῦν ἐν τῇ πόλει; παρὰ δὲ Ὁμήρῳ: ἰητρὸς γὰρ ἀνήρ. Ἰατρὸς δ' ἐπιστήμων, οὐχ ὁ ἰώμενος μόνον, ἀλλ' ὁ καὶ τὴν αἰτίαν καθ' ἣν ἰᾶται γνωρίζων. Ἰατροτέχναι δέ. ὅτι καὶ ἰατροὶ περὶ ἀέρων, ὀρέων καὶ ὑδάτων ἔγραψαν. συντάγματα δέ εἰσιν Ἱπποκράτους οὕτως ἐπιγραφόμενα, περὶ ἀέρων, τόπων καὶ ὑδάτων. ὅτι εἰώθασιν οἱ ἰατροὶ ὑπ' ἀλαζονείας πατρίδας ὀνομάζειν τῶν βοτανῶν, οἷον Κυρηναϊκὸν ὀπόν, τιθύμαλλος Λακωνικός. καὶ οἱ νῦν Ῥέον Ποντικὸν καὶ Ῥέον βάρβαρον. ζήτει περὶ ἰατρείας ἐν τῷ ὑγίεια.
[1] Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 407, with scholion.
[2] Homer, Iliad 11.514 (with epic/Ionic ἰητρός ).
[3] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 561.12-13.
[4] Aristophanes, Clouds 332, with scholion. On Hippocrates, see iota 564.
[5] From tau 582; and cf. gamma 277.
[6] The Suda manuscripts have ῥέον (twice), but the noun in question should clearly be ῥῆον (or ῥᾶ ), which medical writers refer to.
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; definition; epic; food; geography; medicine; philosophy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 19 April 2006@05:06:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, cross-reference, status) on 19 April 2006@10:16:47.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 April 2006@10:23:40.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 8 January 2013@06:29:06.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 December 2018@01:59:24.


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