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Headword: Ἶρος
Adler number: iota,600
Translated headword: Iros, Irus
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the beggar [of that name]; [spelled] with a long iota.[1] But [there is also] ἱρός [meaning] ἱερός , with crasis.[2]
"This place is holy, as I conjecture, full of laurel, olive-tree, and vine -- and many nightingales sing sweetly within."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἶρος: ὁ πτωχός: διὰ μακροῦ τοῦ ι. Ἱρὸς δὲ ὁ ἱερός, κατὰ κρᾶσιν. χῶρος ὅδ' ἱρός, ὡς ἀπεικάσαι, βρύων δάφνης, ἐλαίας, ἀμπέλου: πυκνότεροι δ' εἴσω κατ' αὐτὸν εὐστομοῦσ' ἀηδόνες.
[1] Nickname, in fact, of Arnaios (alpha 3983): Homer, Odyssey 18.5 and following (web address 1).
[2] Similar glosses in other lexica.
[3] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 16-18 (web address 2), where the nightingales are described as πυκνόπτεροι "many and feathered."
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; epic; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 31 May 2006@21:59:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref and more keywords) on 2 June 2006@05:22:04.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 January 2013@05:23:46.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 19 January 2013@19:10:20.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 13 February 2019@01:45:04.


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