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Headword: Ἶρις
Adler number: iota,598
Translated headword: rainbow
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the moisture of a cloud made variegated by the impact of the sun, like a bow.[1]
Or "rays reflected from moist clouds. Or the reflection of a part of the sun or the moon, in a dewy cloud which is hollow and continuous in appearance, as if imaged in a mirror, on the circumference of a circle."[2]
The green of the rainbow [is] indicative of upper air, the red [is indicative] of winds, and the dark [is indicative] of waters.[3]
Greek Original:
Ἶρις: νέφους ὑγρότης κατ' ἔμπτωσιν ἡλίου πεποικιλμένου, οἷον τὸ τόξον. ἢ αὐγαὶ ἀφ' ὑγρῶν νεφῶν ἀνακεκλασμέναι. ἢ ἔμφασις ἡλίου τμήματος ἢ σελήνης, ἐν νέφει δεδροσισμένῳ κοίλῳ καὶ συνεχεῖ πρὸς φαντασίαν, ὡς ἐν κατόπτρῳ φανταζομένην, κατὰ κύκλου περιφέρειαν. τῆς Ἴριδος τὸ χλωρὸν ἀέρος σημαντικόν, τὸ πυρρὸν πνευμάτων, τὸ δὲ μελανίζον ὑδάτων.
Notes:
For this headword in other applications see iota 599.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; see the references at Photius iota191 Theodoridis.
[2] Stoic material, abridged from Diogenes Laertius 7.152.
[3] Source unidentifiable.
Keywords: definition; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 May 2006@20:00:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 2 June 2006@04:39:40.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 14 January 2013@08:58:06.

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