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Headword: Ἱππάς
Adler number: iota,525
Translated headword: cavalry
Vetting Status: high
Solon,[1] when he wrote laws for the Athenians, divided their whole population into 5 classes,[2] according to the value of their properties. And the name of the first class was Five-hundred-medimnos-men, of the second Cavalrymen, of the third Yoke-team-men,[3] of the fourth Laborers, and of the 5th Cavalry.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἱππάς: ὁ Σόλων τοὺς νόμους Ἀθηναίοις γράψας εἰς ε# τέλη τὸ πᾶν πλῆθος αὐτῶν διέταξε τῶν κατὰ τὰς οὐσίας τιμημάτων. καὶ τῷ πρώτῳ ὄνομα ἦν Πεντακοσιομεδίμνων, τῷ δευτέρῳ Ἱππέων, τῷ τρίτῳ Ζευγιτῶν, τῷ τετάρτῳ Θητῶν, τῷ ε# Ἱππάς.
Likewise or similarly in other lexica; see the references at Photius iota160 Theodoridis.
[1] See generally sigma 776, sigma 777, sigma 779.
[2] Four, rather (as is clear from e.g. ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 7.3). This error in Photius' source creates the need for a non-existent fifth class: see below
[3] Meaning either farmers owning a yoke of oxen or hoplites fighting in formation.
[4] See above, n. 2. This is actually not a fifth class but another way of referring to the second class: ἱππάς vs. ἱππεῖς . (See epsilon 653, iota 537, pi 972.)
Keywords: biography; constitution; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; law; military affairs; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 31 October 2002@23:48:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 1 November 2002@03:41:09.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 11 November 2005@07:48:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; cosmetics) on 14 January 2013@04:48:40.
David Whitehead (coding) on 27 April 2016@03:51:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 9 February 2019@00:46:02.


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