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Headword: Ἵππαρχος
Adler number: iota,522
Translated headword: cavalry-commander, hipparch
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the leader of the cavalrymen.[1]
"When Marcius [sic] was first chosen as dictator, he selected in addition Spurius as cavalry-commander, with the intention that the command of cavalry should be first in this respect but second in respect to the preeminence of the dictator."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἵππαρχος: ὁ τῶν ἱππέων ἄρχων. πρῶτος αἱρεθεὶς δικτάτωρ Μάρκιος προσαιρεῖται ἵππαρχον Σπόριον, πρῶτον κατὰ τοῦτον καὶ τῆς ἱππαρχικῆς ἐπινοηθείσης ἡγεμονίας, δευτερευούσης κατὰ τὴν ὑπεροχὴν τοῦ δικτάτωρος.
Notes:
[1] Latin magister equitum or praefectus equitum: see LSJ s.v.; similarly glossed in other lexica. For this gloss see again under iota 523. C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition (vol.II p.LXII) points out that, here in 522, the Suda lexicographer textually corrects the τῶν ἵππων ("of the horses") that he found in his immediate sources.
[2] John of Antioch fr.80.2 Roberto. One might have supposed this 'Marcius' to be the man better-known, subsequently, as Coriolanus (mu 210), but see rather Eutropius, Breviarium 1.12: this is (T.) Larcius, the first (501 BCE) dictator, and his magister equitum Spurius Cassius Vecellinus. See also Livy 2.18 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; constitution; definition; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 June 2006@12:58:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 15 June 2006@07:14:35.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 18 October 2011@05:42:30.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 14 January 2013@04:38:11.
David Whitehead (tweaked and expanded n.2) on 1 April 2014@09:47:05.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 April 2014@13:13:06.
David Whitehead on 29 January 2015@09:44:52.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 29 January 2015@21:29:07.

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