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Headword: Ἰωσαφάτ
Adler number: iota,501
Translated headword: Jehoshaphat, Jehosaphat
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A king. This man was well pleasing to God; but because of his affection toward Ahab, Jehu the prophet, son of Hanani, said to him, 'King Jehoshaphat, if you help a sinner or are a friend to one hated by the Lord, because of this, the wrath of the Lord came against you, unless good thoughts were found in you:[1] and because you removed the shrines [of foreign gods] from the land of Judah and you directed your heart to seek out the Lord, and your heart was found perfect toward the Lord, on account of this, the Lord spared you, except that your works were interrupted and your ships were shattered.' And from this [story] we are taught that preceding virtuous actions lessen the punishments against sinners. For God, who compares these deeds with those, carries out his judgment thus.
Greek Original:
Ἰωσαφάτ, βασιλεύς. οὗτος εὐηρέστησε τῷ θεῷ: διὰ δὲ τὴν πρὸς Ἀχαὰβ φιλοστοργίαν ἔφη πρὸς αὐτὸν Ἰηοῦ ὁ προφήτης, ὁ τοῦ Ἀνανή: βασιλεῦ Ἰωσαφάτ, εἰ ἁμαρτωλῷ σὺ βοηθεῖς ἢ μισουμένῳ ὑπὸ κυρίου φιλιάζεις, διὰ τοῦτο ἐγένετο ἐπὶ σὲ ὀργὴ κυρίου, εἰ μὴ λόγοι ἀγαθοὶ εὑρέθησαν ἐν σοί: καὶ ὅτι ἐξῆρας τὰ ἄλση ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς Ἰούδα καὶ κατηύθυνας τὴν καρδίαν σου ἐκζητῆσαι τὸν κύριον, καὶ εὑρέθη ἡ καρδία σου τελεία πρὸς κύριον, διὰ τοῦτο ἐφείσατό σου κύριος, πλὴν ὅτι διεκόπη τὰ ἔργα σου καὶ συνετρίβησαν τὰ πλοῖά σου. κἀντεῦθεν διδασκόμεθα, ὡς ἐλαττοῖ τὰς ἐπὶ τοῖς ἁμαρτήμασι τιμωρίας τὰ προγεγενημένα κατορθώματα. ὁ γὰρ θεὸς ταῦτα ἐκείνοις ἀντιμετρῶν οὕτως ἐκφέρει τὴν ψῆφον.
Notes:
George the Monk, Chronicon 213.14-214.7.
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary lists six figures named Jehoshaphat. This one would be the fifth, as follows: "The son and successor of Asa, king of Judah. After fortifying his kingdom against Israel (2 Chronicles 17:1, 2), he set himself to cleanse the land of idolatry (1 Kings 22:43). In the third year of his reign he sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the law (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). He enjoyed a great measure of peace and prosperity, the blessing of God resting on the people "in their basket and their store." The great mistake of his reign was his entering into an alliance with Ahab, the king of Israel, which involved him in much disgrace, and brought disaster on his kingdom (1 Kings 22:1-33). Escaping from the bloody battle of Ramoth-gilead, the prophet Jehu (2 Chronicles 19:1-3) reproached him for the course he had been pursuing, whereupon he entered with rigour on his former course of opposition to all idolatry, and of deepening interest in the worship of God and in the righteous government of the people (2 Chronicles 19:4-11). Again he entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the king of Israel, for the purpose of carrying on maritime commerce with Ophir. But the fleet that was then equipped at Ezion-gaber was speedily wrecked. A new fleet was fitted out without the co-operation of the king of Israel, and although it was successful, the trade was not prosecuted (2 Chronicles 20:35-37; 1 Kings 22:48-49). He subsequently joined Jehoram, king of Israel, in a war against the Moabites, who were under tribute to Israel. This war was successful. The Moabites were subdued; but the dreadful act of Mesha in offering his own son a sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth in the sight of the armies of Israel filled him with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (2 Kings 3:4-27). The last most notable event of his reign was that recorded in 2 Chronicles 20. The Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and came against Jehoshaphat. The allied forces were encamped at Engedi. The king and his people were filled with alarm, and betook themselves to God in prayer. The king prayed in the court of the temple, 'O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us.' Amid the silence that followed, the voice of Jahaziel the Levite was heard announcing that on the morrow all this great host would be overthrown. So it was, for they quarrelled among themselves, and slew one another, leaving to the people of Judah only to gather the rich spoils of the slain. This was recognized as a great deliverance wrought for them by God (B.C. 890). Soon after this Jehoshaphat died, after a reign of twenty-five years, being sixty years of age, and was succeeded by his son Jehoram (1 Kings 22:50 [iota 499]). He had this testimony, that "he sought the Lord with all his heart" (2 Chr. 22:9). The kingdom of Judah was never more prosperous than under his reign."
[1] Repeated at phi 339.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 23 August 2003@07:53:05.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added note) on 23 August 2003@12:43:11.
Catharine Roth (made minor modifications to the translation, added keywords) on 23 August 2003@16:01:49.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 23 August 2003@16:05:30.
David Whitehead (added initial note; added keyword) on 24 August 2003@05:58:44.
David Whitehead (another headword; x-ref; cosmetics) on 23 November 2004@03:10:32.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:47:42.
David Whitehead on 14 January 2013@03:53:19.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 November 2014@00:19:14.
Catharine Roth (expanded titles) on 22 January 2015@00:26:28.

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