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Headword: Ἴων
Adler number: iota,487
Translated headword: Ion
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Ion,] of Chios, tragedian and lyric poet and philosopher, son of Orthomenes, but also known as [son] of Xouthos.[1] He began to produce tragedies in the 82nd Olympiad.[2] There are 12 dramas of his, but some say 30, others 40.[3] He wrote concerning astronomy, and fictitious stories.[4] The comedian Aristophanes jokingly calls him Aoios ["Morning Star"].[5]
When he had won the victory in tragedy at Athens he gave each of the Athenians a jar of Chian [sc. wine].[6]
Greek Original:
Ἴων, Χῖος, τραγικὸς καὶ λυρικὸς καὶ φιλόσοφος, υἱὸς Ὀρθομένους, ἐπίκλησιν δὲ Ξούθου. ἤρξατο δὲ τὰς τραγῳδίας διδάσκειν ἐπὶ τῆς πβ# ὀλυμπιάδος. δράματα δὲ αὐτοῦ ιβ#, οἱ δὲ λ#, ἄλλοι δὲ μ# φασιν. οὗτος ἔγραψε περὶ μετεώρων, καὶ συνθέτους λόγους. ὃν παίζων Ἀριστοφάνης ὁ κωμικὸς Ἀοῖόν φησι. οὗτος τραγῳδίαν νικήσας Ἀθήνησιν ἑκάστῳ τῶν Ἀθηναίων ἔδωκε Χῖον κεράμιον.
Notes:
OCD(4) s.v. Ion(2).
Ion of Chios (again in brief at iota 489) was one of the most successful tragedians at Athens, who also practiced other forms of poetry and wrote philosophical works in prose. The treatise "On the Sublime" calls his plays faultless and elegant but less inspired than those of Sophocles.
[1] Possibly so, though more probably this assertion conflates the Ion in question here and his namesake the mythical eponym of the Ionians. For Xouthos see xi 82.
[2] 452/1-449/8.
[3] Ten trilogies would make 30 tragedies or 40 dramas including satyr-plays. Perhaps 12 of them reached the Alexandrian library.
[4] Richard Bentley (1662-1742) says that this is a misinterpretation of what the scholia say about dithyrambic vocabulary (as in delta 1029): Epistola ad Millium p. 328.
[5] Aristophanes, Peace 829, 835 (see web address 1); cf. delta 1029.
[6] From alpha 731.
Reference:
Bentley, Richard, Epistola Ad Joannem Millium 1836.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; food; geography; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 8 December 2000@22:06:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; modified and augmented notes; cosmetics) on 10 December 2000@07:03:15.
David Whitehead (added x-refs and keywords; cosmetics) on 27 August 2003@07:50:24.
Catharine Roth (added note) on 14 May 2008@14:50:37.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 13 January 2013@08:38:39.
Catharine Roth (deleted one link, upgraded another) on 13 January 2013@20:54:20.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@03:49:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 August 2014@18:04:22.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 27 April 2016@03:18:56.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 3 February 2019@22:53:43.

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