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Headword: Ἰωάννης
Adler number: iota,469
Translated headword: Ioannes, Joannes, John
Vetting Status: high
The praetorian prefect of Justinian in Cappadocia, he was lacking any liberal education and culture. For while attending elementary school he learned nothing but the letters [of the alphabet], and these [learned] badly [and] badly written. But as for his physical strength, he had become the most powerful of those we know: for he was very capable of doing whatever was necessary and finding a solution for his difficulties. But having become the basest of all men, he took advantage of his physical strength up to this point, and neither consideration of God nor shame before men ever came [to his mind], but for the sake of gain he endeavoured to cause the ruin of many people and destroy entire cities. Within a short time, at any rate, having acquired great wealth, he flung himself into a debauchery which had no limit. For while plundering the houses of his subjects up to lunchtime, he spent the rest of the day in dissolute physical activities. He was quite unable to control himself, but the food he ate up to the point he ate,[1] and he was always ready to steal money and even more ready to take it out and waste it. This John[2] was harsh, and likewise cruel, with all people, inflicting blows on those he met and plundering all their money without any respect; and for his lawless behavior he rightly and justly paid.
Greek Original:
Ἰωάννης, ὁ Καππαδοκίας ἔπαρχος Ἰουστινιανοῦ, λόγων μὲν τῶν ἐλευθερίων καὶ παιδείας ἀνήκοος ἦν. οὐ γὰρ ἄλλο οὐδὲν ἐς γραμματιστοῦ φοιτῶν ἔμαθεν ὅτι μὴ γράμματα, καὶ ταῦτα κακὰ κακῶς γράψαι. φύσεως δὲ ἰσχύϊ πάντων γέγονε δυνατώτατος ὧν ἡμεῖς ἴσμεν: γνῶναί τε γὰρ τὰ δέοντα ἱκανώτατος ἦν καὶ λύσιν τοῖς ἀπόροις εὑρεῖν. πονηρότατος δὲ πάντων ἀνθρώπων γεγονὼς τῇ τε τῆς φύσεως δυνάμει ἐς τοῦτο ἐχρῆτο, καὶ οὔτε θεοῦ λόγος οὔτε ἀνθρώπων αὐτὸν αἰδώς τις εἰσῄει, ἀλλὰ βίους τε αὐτῷ ἀνθρώπων πολλῶν ἀπολλύναι κέρδους ἕνεκα καὶ πόλεις ὅλας καθελεῖν ἐπιμελὲς ἦν. χρόνου γοῦν ὀλίγου χρήματα μεγάλα περιβαλόμενος ἐς κραιπάλην τινὰ ἐκλελάκτικεν ὅρον οὐκ ἔχουσαν: ἄχρι μὲν ἐς τὸν τοῦ ἀρίστου καιρὸν ληϊζόμενος τὰς τῶν ὑπηκόων οὐσίας, μέθῃ δὲ τὸ λοιπὸν καὶ σώματος ἔργοις ἀσελγέσιν ἠσχολημένος. κατέχειν δὲ αὑτὸν οὐδαμῇ ἴσχυεν, ἀλλὰ τά τε βρώματα μέχρι ἐς ὅσον ἤσθιε καὶ τὰ χρήματα κλέπτειν μὲν ἦν ἐσαεὶ ἕτοιμος, προί̈εσθαι δὲ καὶ δαπανᾶν ἑτοιμότερος. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις βαρὺς ἦν ὁμοίως καὶ χαλεπός, πληγάς τε τοῖς προσπίπτουσιν ἐντεινόμενος καὶ τὰ χρήματα ἁπαξάπαντα λόγῳ οὐδενὶ ληϊζόμενος, τὴν δίκην ὀρθῶς καὶ δικαίως τῆς ἐς τὴν δίκην παρανομίας ἐξέτισεν.
Procopius, On the Wars of Justinian 1.24.11-15 and (see n.2 below) 1.25.3.
[1] Textual corruption in the Suda. The sense is clearer in the original text, reading μέχρι ἐς τὸν ἑμετὸν , "[he ate] up to the point that he threw up".
[2] 1.25.3 from now on.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; economics; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 24 March 2006@22:02:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 March 2006@04:33:02.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 13 January 2013@07:52:17.


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