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Headword: Ἰώ
Adler number: iota,453
Translated headword: Io
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A name.
Inachos, a king of Argos [Myth, Place], founded a city which he named for the moon, "Io", for that is what Argives call the moon. He also had a daughter Io; Pekos who is also [called] Zeus[1] abducted her and fathered a daughter, Libya, by her. And Io, lamenting her ruin, fled to the Silpion Mountain[2] and there died. Her father and her brothers, when they learned this, built a shrine to her and called the place Iopolis and remained there until the end. And they performed a ritual in her memory, banging on each other's doors every year and saying "io, io!"
Greek Original:
Ἰώ: ὄνομα. Ἴναχος, Ἀργείων βασιλεύς, κτίζει πόλιν εἰς ὄνομα τῆς σελήνης Ἰοῦ: οὕτω γὰρ τὴν σελήνην ἐκάλουν Ἀργεῖοι. ἔσχε δὲ καὶ θυγατέρα Ἰώ, ἥντινα Πῆκος ὁ καὶ Ζεὺς ἥρπασε καὶ ἔσχε θυγατέρα ἐξ αὐτῆς Λιβύην. ἡ δὲ Ἰὼ λυπηθεῖσα ἐπὶ τῇ διαφθορᾷ ἔφυγεν εἰς τὸ Σίλπιον ὄρος κἀκεῖ τελευτᾷ. ὁ δὲ πατὴρ καὶ οἱ ἀδελφοὶ τοῦτο μαθόντες κτίζουσιν αὐτῇ ἱερὸν καὶ ἐκάλεσαν τὸν τόπον Ἰώπολιν καὶ ἔμειναν ἐκεῖ μέχρι τελευτῆς, ἐπιτελοῦντες τὴν μνήμην καὶ κρούοντες εἰς τὰς ἀλλήλων θύρας κατ' ἔτος ἔλεγον, ἰώ, ἰώ.
Notes:
OCD(4) s.v.; see also iota 636.
After the initial gloss, this entry's material appears to come from late historiography; cf. [John of Antioch] fr. 6.14 FHG, now 10 Roberto.
[1] See pi 1500.
[2] At an elevation of 440 meters, Mount Silpion (Mons Silpius, present-day Mount Habib-i Neccar) forms the eastern boundary of the city of Antioch (alpha 2692, modern Antakya, Turkey); cf. Barrington Atlas map 67 grid C4.
Keywords: aetiology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; mythology; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 20 November 2000@15:58:32.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Modified translation, added keyword) on 21 November 2000@23:31:08.
David Whitehead (supplemented translation; added note, bibliography, keywords; cosmetics) on 28 May 2001@04:24:42.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 13 January 2013@07:17:53.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@03:48:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 20 December 2014@23:54:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@09:42:16.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 January 2019@02:12:15.
Ronald Allen (added map note) on 2 February 2019@18:15:08.

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