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Headword: Ἰουστῖνος
Adler number: iota,448
Translated headword: Ioustinos, Justinus, Justin
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Philosopher, who wore the garb of the philosophers, from the eparchy of Neapolis [Nablus] in Palestine.[1] His father was Priscus, son of Bacchius. This man strove diligently for the religion of the Christians; so much so that he even gave to Antoninus (surnamed Pius)[2] and his sons and the Senate of the Romans a book composed Against the Pagans, without being ashamed at the ignominy of the cross.[3] He also wrote a second book, which he gave to the successors of Antoninus, namely Marcus Antoninus and Lucius Aurelius Commodus.[4] There is also another book of his against the pagans, which he entitled Confutation, and another On the Monarchy of God,[5] and another, which he named Psalmist, and another On the Soul, and a dialogue Against the Jews, which he held with Trypho, the leader of the Jews at Ephesus.[6] Furthermore he published notable volumes against Marcion,[7] and another book Against All the Heresies, which he mentions in the Apology which he gave to Antoninus Pius. Holding his debates at Rome, he reprimanded Crescens the Cynic who blasphemed against the Christians and called him gluttonous and profligate and licentious and afraid of death. Finally by this man's efforts and plotting he suffered as a Christian on behalf of Christ.
Greek Original:
Ἰουστῖνος, φιλόσοφος, καὶ τῷ σχήματι τῶν φιλοσόφων χρώμενος, ἀπὸ τῆς Νεαπολιτῶν ἐπαρχίας τῆς Παλαιστίνης, ἐκ πατρὸς Πρίσκου τοῦ Βακχίου. οὗτος ὑπὲρ τῆς θρησκείας τῶν Χριστιανῶν πάνυ ἐκοπίασεν, ὥστε καὶ Ἀντωνίνῳ, τῷ ἐπίκλην Πίῳ, καὶ τοῖς τούτου υἱέσι καὶ τῇ συγκλήτῳ Ῥωμαίων βίβλον κατὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν συνταγεῖσαν ἐπιδοῦναι, τὸν ὀνειδισμὸν τοῦ σταυροῦ μὴ αἰσχυνόμενος. ἔγραψε καὶ ἑτέραν βίβλον, ἣν καὶ ἐπέδωκε τοῖς Ἀντωνίνου διαδόχοις, τουτέστι Μάρκῳ Ἀντωνίνῳ καὶ Λουκίῳ Αὐρηλίῳ Κομόδῳ. ἔστι καὶ ἄλλη αὐτοῦ βίβλος κατὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν, ἐν ᾗ περὶ τῆς φύσεως τῶν δαιμόνων διαλέγεται: καὶ τετάρτη βίβλος ὁμοίως κατὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν, ἣν ἐπέγραψεν Ἔλεγχος: καὶ ἄλλην Περὶ τῆς τοῦ θεοῦ μοναρχίας. καὶ ἄλλην, ἣν ὠνόμασε ψάλτην, καὶ ἑτέραν Περὶ ψυχῆς: διάλογόν τε κατὰ τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ὃν ἐσχεδίασε κατὰ Τρύφωνος, ἀρχηγοῦ τῶν ἐν Ἐφέσῳ Ἰουδαίων. οὐ μὴν ἀλλὰ καὶ κατὰ Μαρκίωνος ἐπίσημα τεύχη ἐξέδωκε: καὶ ἄλλην βίβλον κατὰ πασῶν τῶν αἱρέσεων, ἧς μέμνηται ἐν τῷ Ἀπολογητικῷ, ὃ ἐπέδωκεν Ἀντωνίνῳ τῷ Πίῳ. οὗτος ἐν τῇ Ῥώμῃ ἔχων τὰς διατριβάς, εὐθύνων Κρίσκην τὸν Κυνικὸν τὸν κατὰ τῶν Χριστιανῶν βλασφημοῦντα καὶ καλῶν αὐτὸν λαίμαργον ἄσωτόν τε καὶ ἀκόλαστον καὶ τὸν θάνατον φοβούμενον, τέλος τῇ τούτου ἐνεργείᾳ καὶ ἐπιβουλῇ ὡς Χριστιανὸς ὑπὲρ Χριστοῦ ἔπαθεν.
Notes:
From Jerome, On illustrious men (Greek version) 33; cf. Photius, Bibliotheca c. 125.
[1] Justin the Philosopher, also known as Justin the Martyr: Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1; works in Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, web address 2.
[2] Antoninus Pius: alpha 2762.
[3] Justin's First Apology (and Second Apology?).
[4] Marcus Aurelius: mu 214, mu 216; Commodus: kappa 2007.
[5] Or, On the Sole Government of God.
[6] Dialogue with Trypho.
[7] Quoted by Irenaeus. Marcion has a brief mention at mu 213.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; clothing; ethics; geography; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 May 2006@20:57:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 2 June 2006@04:15:03.
Catharine Roth (added a link) on 5 June 2006@00:32:37.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 13 January 2013@07:04:27.
Catharine Roth (deleted obsolete link) on 16 February 2018@16:43:14.

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