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Headword: Ἱμείρω
Adler number: iota,354
Translated headword: I long [for]
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with a genitive. Also [sc. attested is middle-voice] ἱμείρομαι ; [also used] with a genitive.
[Meaning] I desire.[1]
"Desiring life and loving to stay alive is a sign of the greatest baseness and wickedness."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἱμείρω: γενικῇ. καὶ Ἱμείρομαι: γενικῇ. ἐπιθυμῶ. τὸ ἱμείρειν τοῦ βίου καὶ φιλοζωεῖν τῆς μεγίστης ἀγεννείας ἐστὶ σημεῖον καὶ κακίας.
Notes:
cf. generally iota 350, iota 351, iota 352, iota 353.
[1] cf. scholion on Homer, Odyssey 1.41 (ἱμείρεται ). The middle voice occurs in epic, Ionic prose, and Attic tragedy, but not in Attic prose (see LSJ s.v.).
[2] Polybius fr. 164 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (535) that Toup attributed this fragment to Polybius; for an analogous Polybian passage (ibid.) characterizing an obsessive instinct for survival as ignoble in nature, cf. 28.21 (web address 1). The Suda here transmits ἀγεννείας (genitive singular of the feminine noun ἀγέννεια , baseness), but Büttner-Wobst follows Hultsch in replacing it with the alternative spelling ἀγεννίας (ibid.). Apropos of this fragment, Walbank gestures (753) at Polybius 30.7 (web address 2) and observes that there Polybius qualifies pointed moral pronouncements in the vein of this fragment as what might be given in retort. But, in reflection, Walbank also concedes that -- as Schweighäuser emphasized -- the present fragment could represent an assertion that has been advanced disingenuously (ibid.).
References:
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; historiography; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 April 2006@18:26:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; cosmetics) on 14 April 2006@03:03:16.
David Whitehead on 11 January 2013@06:34:22.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added links, added keyword) on 10 October 2018@17:47:09.
Ronald Allen (improved prose and reference) on 10 October 2018@17:58:00.

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