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Headword: Ἴακχος
Adler number: iota,16
Translated headword: Iakkhos, Iacchus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] Dionysos at the breast. And a certain hero; and the song for him; and the day on which the feast for him [is held]. But some [say the word means] also a tumult.[1]
"The mystical Iacchus was heard at the naval battle of Persians and Greeks".[2]
So Ἰακχος [comes] from [the verb] ἰάκχω ["I shout"].[3]
"And also the Iacchus was heard from the Areian plain, having hymns and songs sung to him".[4]
Greek Original:
Ἴακχος: Διόνυσος ἐπὶ τῷ μαστῷ. καὶ ἥρως τις: καὶ ἡ ἐπ' αὐτῷ ᾠδή: καὶ ἡ ἡμέρα, καθ' ἣν εἰς αὐτὸν ἡ πανήγυρις. ἔνιοι δὲ καὶ θόρυβος. ὅ τε μυστικὸς Ἴακχος ἠκούσθη κατὰ τὴν ναυμαχίαν Περσῶν καὶ Ἑλλήνων. Ἴακχος οὖν παρὰ τὸ ἰάκχω. καὶ μέντοι καὶ ὁ Ἴακχος ἠκούσθη ἐκ τοῦ Ἀρείου πεδίου, ὑμνούμενός τε καὶ ᾀδόμενος.
Notes:
cf. iota 11, iota 15.
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; see the references at Photius iota3 Theodoridis.
[2] Aelian fr. 270a Domingo-Forasté (272 Hercher). He is referring to the battle of Salamis (480 BCE); cf. Herodotus 8.65.1 for this detail.
[3] Also spelled ἰάχω or ἰαχῶ : cf. Etymologicum Magnum 462.48.
[4] Aelian fr. 270b Domingo-Forasté (272 Hercher again); 'Areian' should be Thriasian (theta 495).
Keywords: children; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; meter and music; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 6 February 2008@01:28:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 6 February 2008@04:29:30.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 6 February 2008@08:43:25.
Catharine Roth (updated references in notes 2 and 4) on 6 September 2011@00:29:29.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr and notes; another keyword; cosmetics) on 8 January 2013@04:29:56.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 26 April 2016@03:46:40.

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