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Headword: Ἰδιόξενος
Adler number: iota,114
Translated headword: private guest-friend
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] one who is a guest-friend by himself in private. But a proxenos is one newly arrived from a foreign city, to whom the ambassadors are conducted. And this man introduces the embassies to the public officials and arranges and manages the other matters in his own country, which differ from those in that city for which he serves as proxenos. But a doruxenos is a man who because of war has become a guest-friend to someone; and an astoxenos is one whose ancestors were fellow-citizens, but he himself is a stranger and needs renewal [of rights]; like Agamemnon in Lydia.[1]
Appian [writes]: "the general, having learned from private guest-friends, reported to [sc. King] Hostilius [...]."[2]
Greek Original:
Ἰδιόξενος: ὁ ἰδίᾳ καθ' ἑαυτὸν ξένος ὤν: πρόξενος δὲ ὁ νέηλυς πόλεως ξένης, παρ' ᾧ καὶ οἱ πρέσβεις κατάγονται: καὶ προσάγει τὰς πρεσβείας οὗτος πρὸς τὸ δημόσιον καὶ τὰ ἄλλα διοικεῖ καὶ διαπράττει ἐν τῇ πατρίδι τῇ ἑαυτοῦ, τὰ τῇ πόλει ἐκείνῃ διαφέροντα, ἧς προξενεῖ. δορύξενος δὲ ὁ ἐκ πολέμου ξένος γεγονώς τινι: ἀστόξενος δὲ ὁ ἐκ προγόνων μὲν ἀστῶν, αὐτὸς δὲ ξένος καὶ ἀνανεώσεως δεόμενος: οἷον Ἀγαμέμνων ἐν Λυδίᾳ. Ἀππιανός: ὁ δὲ στρατηγὸς αἰσθόμενος παρ' ἰδιοξένων ἐξήγγειλεν Ὁστιλίῳ.
See already iota 113; and on these relationships cf. pi 2539, pi 2540, delta 1399, xi 45.
[1] This material is also in Photius (Lexicon iota25 Theodoridis), and is paralleled elsewhere. Agamemnon's (alpha 140) family originated in Lydia.
[2] Appian, Basilica 6.1.
Keywords: biography; constitution; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; mythology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 May 2006@23:21:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 21 May 2006@05:05:31.
David Whitehead (more for n.1) on 21 May 2006@05:09:31.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 9 January 2013@04:06:16.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 September 2014@18:40:45.
David Whitehead on 10 September 2014@02:44:19.


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