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Headword: Γαϊανός
Adler number: gamma,9
Translated headword: Gaianus, Gaianos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Arabia. Sophist; a pupil of Apsines of Gadara.[1] He lived in the time of [the emperors] Maximus and Gordian.[2] [He wrote] On Construction (5 books); Art of Rhetoric; Declamations. He practiced as a sophist in Berytus.[3]
Greek Original:
Γαϊανός, Ἀράβιος, σοφιστὴς, μαθητὴς Ἀψίνου τοῦ Γαδαρέως. ἦν δὲ ἐπί τε Μαξίμου καὶ Γορδιανοῦ. Περὶ συντάξεως βιβλία ε#, Τέχνην ῥητορικὴν, Μελέτας. ἐσοφίστευσεν ἐν Βηρυτῷ.
Notes:
RE Gaianus(2); PIR 2 G17. Though it is chronologically unlikely, Schmid in RE s.v. "Gagianos" suggests that is possible that this Gaianus is identical with Gaianus of Smyrna, a rhetor active under the Antonine emperors; cf. Phrynichus 394.14 Fischer (Lobeck, p. 418, read Γαγιανός , but such a name is unattested elsewhere and could be a variant spelling for the present name. Schmid loc. cit. suggests a connection with the Lydian city of Gagai).
[1] Apsines: alpha 4735.
[2] Probably a garbled reference to Maximinus (Thrax, emperor 235-238) -- an emendation which Kuster wanted to make here -- and Gordian III (238-244), though surely Gaianus lived under other emperors as well, and what is meant is his floruit. See n. 4 at alpha 4735.
[3] Present-day Beirut. There may be some confusion here between this Gaianus and the like-named friend and correspondent of Libanius in the next century (cf. RE s.v. Gaianus(3), and Libanius, Epistle 1364, etc.).
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; history; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 22 June 2000@14:43:53.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 14 December 2001@11:39:40.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@06:41:40.
Antonella Ippolito (augmented note) on 3 October 2005@21:59:19.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented and rearranged notes, added keywords, set status) on 7 March 2008@10:22:41.
William Hutton on 7 March 2008@10:32:21.
William Hutton (augmented n. 3) on 7 March 2008@10:55:13.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 31 March 2014@06:43:42.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 January 2015@19:10:23.
David Whitehead (cosmetic) on 25 September 2015@10:56:22.

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