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Headword: Γρηγόριος
Adler number: gamma,452
Translated headword: Gregorios, Gregorius, Gregory
Vetting Status: high
[Gregory,] also [called] Theodore, the Wonderworker, bishop of Neocaesarea in Pontus. As a quite young man, for the sake of education in Greek and Roman literature he went from Cappadocia to Berytos [Beirut] and from there to Caesarea in Palestine along with his brother Athenodorus.[1] They became personal followers of Origen,[2] who was partly responsible for introducing them to the Christian faith. After studying with him for five years they were sent back to their homeland; for which reason while Gregory was away from home he wrote a panegyric of thanksgiving to Origen, and summoning all his countrymen, in the presence of Origen himself, he recited this speech, which is extant up to the present time. He also wrote a Paraphrase of Ecclesiastes, a very short but very marvelous work.[3] And he composed many other letters and discourses of various kinds, as well as performing signs and miracles beyond human power, when he became bishop. He died in the reign of Aurelian.
Gregory and Athenodorus [were] relatives, but one was a miracle-worker, the other a sophist.[4]
He also wrote a discourse on incarnation and faith.
Greek Original:
Γρηγόριος, ὁ καὶ Θεόδωρος, ὁ Θαυματουργὸς, Νεοκαισαρείας τῆς ἐν τῷ Πόντῳ ἐπίσκοπος, νέος κομιδῇ διὰ τὴν παίδευσιν Ἑλληνικῶν τε καὶ Ῥωμαϊκῶν γραμμάτων ἀπὸ τῆς Καππαδοκίας εἰς Βηρυτὸν κἀκεῖθεν εἰς Καισάρειαν τὴν τῆς Παλαιστίνης διέβη ἅμα Ἀθηνοδώρῳ ἀδελφῷ: οὓς καὶ κατὰ μέρος εἰς τὴν τοῦ Χριστοῦ πίστιν εἰσάγων Ὠριγένης ζηλωτὰς ἰδίους κατέστησεν. ἐπὶ πέντε τοίνυν παρ' αὐτοῦ παιδευθέντες ἐνιαυτοὺς πρὸς τὴν πατρίδα ἀποπέμπονται: ἀφ' οὗ ὁ Γρηγόριος ἀποδημῶν πανηγυρικὸν εὐχαριστίας τῷ Ὠριγένει ἔγραψε λόγον, καὶ συγκαλεσάμενος πάντας τοὺς ἐπιχωρίους αὐτοῦ τε τοῦ Ὠριγένους παρόντος, τοῦτον ἀνέγνω τὸν λόγον, ὅστις ἄχρι τοῦ παρόντος ὑπάρχει: ἔγραψε δὲ καὶ Μετάφρασιν εἰς τὸν Ἐκκλησιαστήν, ἐλάχιστον μέν, πάνυ δὲ θαυμαστὸν λόγον: καὶ ἄλλας τε πολλὰς καὶ ποικίλας ἐπιστολὰς καὶ λόγους συνεγράψατο, ποιήσας τε σημεῖα καὶ θαύματα ὑπὲρ ἄνθρωπον, ἡνίκα ἐπίσκοπος ἐτύγχανεν. ἐτελεύτησεν ἐπὶ Αὐρηλιανοῦ. ὅτι Γρηγόριος καὶ Ἀθηνόδωρος συναίμονες: ἀλλ' ὁ μὲν τερατουργός, ὁ δὲ σοφιστής. ἔγραψε δὲ καὶ περὶ σαρκώσεως καὶ πίστεως λόγον.
cf. Jerome, On famous men (in Greek translation) 75.
Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 1.
Select bibliography below, contributed by Michael Slusser.
[1] For Athenodorus see briefly under alpha 734.
[2] Origen of Alexandria: omega 182, omega 183.
[3] English translations of the Panegyric on Origen and the Metaphrase of Ecclesiastes from the Ante-Nicene Fathers are available at web address 2.
[4] Athenodorus is so classified at alpha 734.
St. Gregory Thaumaturgus: Life and Works. Translated by Michael Slusser. "Fathers of the Church 98." Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1998
Grégoire le Thaumaturge. Remerciement à Origène, suivi de la Lettre d'Origène à Grégoire. Edited and translated by Henri Crouzel. Sources chrétiennes 148. Paris: Cerf, 1969
Gregorio il Taumaturgo. Discorso a Origene: Una pagina di pedagogia cristiana. Traduzione introduzione e note a cura di Eugenio Marotta. Roma: Città Nuova Editrice, 1983
Jarick, John. Gregory Thaumaturgos' Paraphrase of Ecclesiastes. Septuagint and Cognate Studies 29. Atlanta: Scholars Press 1990
Gregorius Nyssenus. De Vita Gregorii Thaumaturgi. Edited by Gunther Heil. Gregorii Nysseni Sermones, Pars II. Gregorii Nysseni Opera X 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1990
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; geography; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 January 2002@19:36:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 30 August 2002@09:59:16.
Catharine Roth (added italics) on 21 December 2004@11:59:29.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 3 October 2005@00:56:08.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 June 2012@08:07:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 October 2012@22:00:23.


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