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Headword: Γραφή
Adler number: gamma,439
Translated headword: public-suit, graphe
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A prosecution [sc. in classical Athens] concerning public misdeeds, and concerning other crimes.[1] Public-suits are also brought over laws and decrees that are thought to have been introduced improperly; these are called 'public-suits for illegalities' [γραφαὶ παρανόμων ].[2]
Greek Original:
Γραφή: ἡ περὶ τῶν δημοσίων ἀδικημάτων κατηγορία, καὶ περὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἁμαρτημάτων. γίνονται δὲ γραφαὶ καὶ νόμων καὶ ψηφισμάτων οὐκ ἐπιτηδείων εἰσκομίζεσθαι δοκούντων, αἵτινες γραφαὶ παρανόμων καλοῦνται.
Notes:
Likewise or similarly in other lexica.
[1] (The Greek has 'the' other.) See also gamma 440, gamma 445; and for the parallel entry about "private" prosecutions, delta 1089.
[2] See generally M.H. Hansen, The Sovereignty of the People's Court in Athens in the Fourth Century B.C. and the Public Action against Unconstitutional Proposals (Odense 1974). Strictly speaking, the γραφὴ παρανόμων could only be brought against decrees; against allegedly improper laws the resort was the (much rarer) γραφὴ νόμον μὴ ἐπιτήδειον θεῖναι ('public-suit [sc. charging] that a law had not been suitably framed').
Keywords: constitution; definition; ethics; history; law; politics
Translated by: William Hutton on 8 July 2003@05:11:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; cosmetics) on 8 July 2003@06:00:06.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@09:18:52.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 June 2012@05:38:44.
David Whitehead (betacode typos) on 6 October 2012@04:26:01.
David Whitehead (another note) on 29 September 2015@07:58:26.

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