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Headword: Γρατιανός
Adler number: gamma,427
Translated headword: Gratian, Gratianus, Gratianos
Vetting Status: high
He, when he heard of the demise of his uncle Valens,[1] immediately pointed Rome in an easterly direction, and condemning the savagery of his uncle Valens against the Christians, he quickly recalled some of them who had been exiled by that man, restoring their property to them and compensating them for the injuries they had suffered. He introduced a law allowing all to gather in their own churches free from fear and harrassment, forbidding from the places of worship only Eunomians, Photinians, Manichaeans.[2]
In the promenade stand monuments on horseback of Gratian and Valentinian and Theodosius and the hunchback Firmilianus as a joke.[3]
Greek Original:
Γρατιανός: οὗτος ὡς ἐπύθετο τὴν τοῦ Οὐάλεντος τοῦ θείου τελευτὴν, αὐτίκα πρὸς τὴν ἑῴαν Ῥώμην διέθει καὶ καταγνοὺς τῆς τοῦ θείου Οὐάλεντος τῆς περὶ τοὺς Χριστιανοὺς ὠμότητος τοὺς μὲν ὑπ' ἐκείνου ἐξορισθέντας διὰ ταχέων ἀνεκαλεῖτο, οὐσίας τε αὐτοῖς ἀποδιδοὺς καὶ θεραπεύων τὰς βλάβας: πᾶσί τε νόμον παρεῖχεν ἀδεῶς καὶ ἀδηρίτως ἐν ταῖς ἰδίαις ἐκκλησίαις συνάγεσθαι, μόνους δὲ τῶν εὐκτηρίων εἴργεσθαι Εὐνομιανοὺς, Φωτεινιανοὺς, Μανιχαίους. ὅτι ἐν τῷ περιπάτῳ ἔφιπποι στῆλαι ἵσταντο Γρατιανοῦ καὶ Οὐαλεντινιανοῦ καὶ Θεοδοσίου καὶ κυρτοῦ Φιρμιλιανοῦ πρὸς γέλωτα.
Emperor 367-383 CE. See web address 1 for the biography of Gratian by Walter E. Roberts on the De imperatoribus romanis site.
[1] For whom see generally omicron 764.
[2] John of Antioch fr.185 FHG (4.608), now 278 Roberto. For Eunomians see epsilon 3598; for Photinians, phi 679; for Manichaeans, mu 147, mu 149, mu 154.
[3] ps.-Codinus, Patria Constantinopoleos 2.76 (Preger, Scriptores originum Constantinopolitanarum 190.6-9); cf. sigma 1084, phi 470.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; Christianity; daily life; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; religion; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 6 July 2003@10:42:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 6 July 2003@10:57:37.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@09:49:54.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 11 June 2012@05:08:32.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 August 2013@00:38:12.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@09:22:31.


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