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Headword: Γάλλος
Adler number: gamma,41
Translated headword: Gallus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] eunuch.[1]
In the Epigrams: "Gallus the long-haired, the lately-cut, a Lydian from Tmolus who once shrieked long for dancers."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the plural] Galloi ["Galli"], eunuchs. "Gnaeus [Manlius], the Romans' consul, crossed and bridged the Sangarius river, which is in a hollow and altogether difficult to cross; and there came to him as he was encamped at the river Galli from Attis and Battacus, priests of the Mother of the gods from Pessinus, who had in addition to her image [other] figurines, and who said the goddess foretold his victory and power; Gnaeus received them benevolently."[3]
And elsewhere: "he sent out youths whom he had prepared as Galli -- with pipers, in women's robes, and having drums and figurines -- against those besieging the territory."[4]
"Galli come from men, but men do not come about from Galli."[5]
Greek Original:
Γάλλος: ἀπόκοπος. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: γάλλος ὁ χαιτήεις, ὁ νεήτομος, ὅς ποτε Τμῶ Λυδιὸς ὀρχηστὸς μάκρας ὀλολυζόμενος. καὶ Γάλλοι, οἱ ἀπόκοποι. Γναῖος, ὁ ὕπατος Ῥωμαίων, διερχόμενος ἐγεφύρωσε τὸν Σαγγάριον ποταμὸν, τελέως κοῖλον ὄντα καὶ δύσβατον: καὶ παρ' αὐτὸν τὸν ποταμὸν στρατοπεδευσάμενος παραγίνονται Γάλλοι παρὰ Ἄττιδος καὶ Βαττάκου τῶν ἐκ Πεσσινοῦντος ἱερέων τῆς μητρὸς τῶν θεῶν ἔχοντες πρὸς τῇ ἰδέᾳ καὶ τύπους, φάσκοντες προσαγγέλλειν τὴν θεὸν νίκην καὶ κράτος: οὓς ὁ Γναῖος φιλανθρώπως ὑπεδέξατο. καὶ αὖθις: ἀπέστειλε νεανίσκους διασκευάσας εἰς Γάλλους, μετ' αὐλητῶν ἐν γυναικείαις στολαῖς ἔχοντας τύμπανα καὶ τύπους, ἐπὶ τοὺς προκαθημένους τῆς χώρας. ὅτι Γάλλοι μὲν γίνονται ἐξ ἀνδρῶν, ἐκ δὲ Γάλλων ἄνδρες οὐ γίνονται.
Notes:
[1] Same glossing in Hesychius; and cf. gamma 42.
[2] A garbled version of Greek Anthology 6.234.1-2.
[3] Polybius 21.37.4-7; cf. gamma 325 and (esp.) sigma 14.
[4] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable; cf. tau 1175.
[5] A witticism of the philosopher Arcesilaus (alpha 3950) in Diogenes Laertius 4.43.
Keywords: biography; clothing; definition; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 27 June 2002@19:30:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 June 2002@03:56:14.
David Whitehead (typo) on 8 June 2010@03:27:39.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 6 March 2011@09:16:17.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 June 2011@05:26:18.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 August 2012@15:48:06.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 29 January 2014@01:21:59.
David Whitehead on 29 January 2014@02:53:21.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2015@04:35:38.

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