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Headword: Γοητεία
Adler number: gamma,365
Translated headword: sorcery, wizardry
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] magic.
Sorcery [γοητεία ] and magic [μαγεία ] and witchcraft [φαρμακεία ] differ; Medes and Persians discovered them. So magic is of course invocation of beneficent spirits for the production of something good, like the oracles of Apollonius of Tyana.[1] But sorcery [refers] to raising a dead person by invocation, whence [the word] is derived from the wailing [γόοι ] and lamentations which are made at burials. But [the word] witchcraft [is used] when some death-dealing concoction is given as a potion by mouth to someone.[2]
Magic and astrology began with Magousaeans, for the Persians are called Magog by their countrymen.
Also [sc. attested is] Magouseans, the same people.[3]
lso [sc. attested is the related verb] γοητεύω ["I bewitch"]; [used] with an accusative.
Greek Original:
Γοητεία: μαγεία. γοητεία καὶ μαγεία καὶ φαρμακεία διαφέρουσιν: ἅπερ ἐφεῦρον Μῆδοι καὶ Πέρσαι. μαγεία μὲν οὖν ἐστιν ἐπίκλησις δαιμόνων ἀγαθοποιῶν δῆθεν πρὸς ἀγαθοῦ τινος σύστασιν, ὥσπερ τὰ τοῦ Ἀπολλωνίου τοῦ Τυανέως θεσπίσματα. γοητεία δὲ ἐπὶ τῷ ἀνάγειν νεκρὸν δι' ἐπικλήσεως, ὅθεν εἴρηται ἀπὸ τῶν γόων καὶ τῶν θρήνων τῶν περὶ τοὺς τάφους γινομένων. φαρμακεία δὲ, ὅταν διά τινος σκευασίας θανατηφόρου πρὸς φίλτρον δοθῇ τινι διὰ στόματος. μαγεία δὲ καὶ ἀστρολογία ἀπὸ Μαγουσαίων ἤρξατο: οἱ γάρ τοι Πέρσαι Μαγὼγ ὑπὸ τῶν ἐγχωρίων ὀνομάζονται. καὶ Μαγουσαῖοι, οἱ αὐτοί. καὶ Γοητεύω: αἰτιατικῇ.
Notes:
See also gamma 365.
On magic in the ancient world see generally OCD(4) s.v.
[1] On Apollonius of Tyana see alpha 3420; on magic, mu 9 and mu 13.
[2] George the Monk, Chronicon 1.74.10-20. For pharmakeia see phi 100.
[3] George the Monk, Chronicon 1.96.3-5. This section was copied to alpha 4257; see also mu 29, pi 1367.
Keywords: Christianity; chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; medicine; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 3 July 2002@01:40:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 3 July 2002@03:04:23.
Catharine Roth (added betacode) on 2 October 2005@01:33:02.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 June 2012@06:33:13.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 June 2012@22:50:42.
David Whitehead on 25 April 2013@04:22:53.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@02:57:01.
Catharine Roth (added keywords) on 5 August 2014@23:13:03.

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