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Headword: Γνωσιμαχῆσαι
Adler number: gamma,356
Translated headword: to challenge one's own opinion [on]
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with an accusative.[1] [Meaning] to change one's mind, to alter one's view of the just and the proper.[2]
Or to consider one's own weakness and the strength of those opposed.[3]
"Therefore most challenged their own opinions and changed their minds."[4]
Arrian [writes]: "if somehow Chosroes challenged his own opinion and submitted to the just expectations [emanating] from the Romans."[5]
Greek Original:
Γνωσιμαχῆσαι: αἰτιατικῇ. μετανοῆσαι, μεταγνῶναι τὸ δίκαιον καὶ πρέπον. ἢ τὸ γνῶναι τὴν ἑαυτοῦ ἀσθένειαν καὶ τῶν ἐναντίων τὴν ἰσχύν. οὐκοῦν οἱ πλεῖστοι ἐγνωσιμάχουν καὶ μετεβάλλοντο. Ἀρριανός: εἴ πῃ Χοσρόης γνωσιμαχήσας ὑποδύσεται τοῖς ἐκ Ῥωμαίων ξὺν δίκῃ ἀξιουμένοις.
Notes:
A rare but fascinating verb, which began life in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE with the meaning given here (Herodotus, Euripides, Aristophanes, Isocrates) but took on in parallel, during the Christian era, a precisely opposite one: to stick argumentatively to one's own opinion. See in brief LSJ s.v.
[1] Much more commonly intransitive, in fact.
[2] These glosses, also in other lexica, use the aorist infinitive, to correspond with the headword itself (which is evidently quoted from somewhere).
[3] Another aorist infinitive, this time from Herodotean glosses.
[4] cf. alpha 2127.
[5] Arrian, Parthica fr. 33 Roos-Wirth (FGrH 156 F126). For Chosroes see chi 418.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 17 July 2002@14:46:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 July 2002@03:59:13.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 28 January 2005@05:16:40.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 10 June 2012@05:39:40.

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