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Headword: Γνῶσις
Adler number: gamma,353
Translated headword: knowledge
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The knowledge of all things comes about either through a certain similarity and identity or by dissimilarity and difference. For we know that which is white both by comparison with something white, therefore similar, and by [comparison with] something black, for white [is] the opposite of black. And they say that the nature of the same and of the different were mixed in the composition of this [sc. knowledge].
Greek Original:
Γνῶσις: ὅτι πάντων ἡ γνῶσις ἢ ὁμοιότητί τινι καὶ ταυτότητι γίνεται ἢ ἀνομοιότητι καὶ ἑτερότητι. τὸ γὰρ λευκὸν καὶ τῇ τοῦ λευκοῦ παραθέσει γνωρίζομεν, διότι ὅμοιον: καὶ τῇ τοῦ μέλανος, τὸ γὰρ ἐναντίον τῷ μέλανι λευκόν. καὶ τήν γε φύσιν τοῦ ταὐτοῦ καὶ τοῦ ἑτέρου ἐν τῇ συστάσει ταύτης μεμίχθαι φασί.
Notes:
From John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima 75.19-23 Hayduck.
For this headword see also gamma 354, gamma 355.
Keywords: definition; philosophy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 17 July 2002@13:50:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 18 July 2002@03:38:37.
David Whitehead (added note) on 18 July 2002@03:40:02.
David Whitehead on 10 June 2012@05:32:13.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 14 September 2012@02:27:03.
David Whitehead on 28 September 2015@11:05:35.

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