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Headword: Γαληνός
Adler number: gamma,32
Translated headword: Galenos, Galenus, Galen
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The exceptionally distinguished doctor; of Pergamum. Lived under the emperors Marcus, Commodus and Pertinax in Rome. Son of Nicon, a geometer and architect[1]. He composed many works on medicine and philosophy, and also on grammar and rhetoric; because they are familiar to everyone, I have not thought it necessary to catalogue them here. He died aged 70.
[The adjective galenos] also means 'peaceful'.[2]
Greek Original:
Γαληνός, ὁ διασημότατος ἰατρὸς, Περγαμηνὸς, γεγονὼς ἐπὶ Μάρκου καὶ Κομόδου καὶ Περτίνακος τῶν Καισάρων ἐν Ῥώμῃ, υἱὸς Νίκωνος γεωμέτρου καὶ ἀρχιτέκτονος, πολλὰ συντεταχὼς ἰατρικά τε καὶ φιλόσοφα, ἔτι τε γραμματικὰ καὶ ῥητορικά: ἅτινα διὰ τὸ πᾶσιν εἶναι γνώριμα καταλέγειν ἄκαιρον ἡγησάμην ἐν τῷ παρόντι. ἐβίω ἔτη ο#. σημαίνει δὲ καὶ τὸν ἥσυχον.
Notes:
Born AD 129. See generally RE Galenos; OCD4 Galen; PIR2 G24.
[1] Marcus (Aurelius), reigned 161-180 (mu 214, mu 215, mu 216); Commodus, reigned 180-192 (kappa 2007); Pertinax, reigned 192-193. See V. Nutton, 'The Chronology of Galen's Early Career', Classical Quarterly 23 (1973), 158-171.
[2] cf. gamma 30, gamma 31, and see generally LSJ s.v.
Reference:
P. Singer, Galen: Selected Works (Oxford World's Classics, 1997: 2001)
Keywords: architecture; biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; medicine; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 22 June 2000@14:48:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 30 May 2001@10:53:59.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 June 2002@20:25:02.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 9 February 2003@10:16:03.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou on 22 February 2008@11:06:35.
David Whitehead (restored full array of keywords) on 24 February 2008@03:51:38.
David Whitehead (x-refs; another keyword; cosmetics) on 15 June 2011@04:44:40.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 21 August 2012@15:35:56.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@09:49:10.

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