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Headword: Γεννηταί
Adler number: gamma,146
Translated headword: clan-members
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] not those related out of a clan and from blood, but those [being introduced] into the phratries from associated clans. These men are just like the demesmen and phratry-members, having an association by some custom. The clan contains 30 men. The phratries were called "trittyes," because [the Athenians] used to divide each of the tribes, four in number, into three parts; they made four tribes imitating the seasons of the year, and twelve phratries and trittyes, just like the months, and there were 30 clans in each phratry, just like the 365 days [of the year].
Greek Original:
Γεννηταί: οὐχ οἱ ἐκ γένους καὶ ἀφ' αἵματος προσήκοντες, ἀλλὰ οἱ ἐκ τῶν γενῶν τῶν συννενεμημένων εἰς τὰς φρατρίας. οὗτοι δέ εἰσι καθάπερ οἱ δημόται καὶ φράτορες, νόμῳ τινὶ ἔχοντες κοινωνίαν. τὸ δὲ γένος ἔχει ἄνδρας λ#. αἱ δὲ φρατρίαι ἐκαλοῦντο τριττῦς, ὅτι τεσσάρων φυλῶν οὐσῶν εἰς τρία ἑκάστην διεῖλον μέρη, τὰς μὲν φυλὰς τέσσαρας ποιήσαντες, ἀπομιμησάμενοι τὰς τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ὥρας, τὰς δὲ φρατρίας καὶ τριττῦς ιβ#, καθάπερ οἱ μῆνες, τὰ δὲ γένη λ# ἐν ἑκάστῃ φρατρίᾳ, καθάπερ αἱ ἡμέραι τξε#.
Note:
From the scholia to Plato, Philebus 30D; cf. the scholia to Demosthenes 57.23; ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia [Constitution of the Athenians] fr.3; etc. See also gamma 147, phi 693, phi 694.
Reference:
S.D. Lambert, The Phratries of Attica (Ann Arbor 1993) appendix 2
Keywords: chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; law; mathematics; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 5 June 2003@03:30:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword, translation, note; augmented keywords) on 5 June 2003@04:32:27.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 5 June 2012@08:08:55.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2015@08:57:35.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 19 March 2016@23:32:22.
David Whitehead on 20 March 2016@04:46:35.

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