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Headword: Ἡρώδης
Adler number: eta,545
Translated headword: Herodes
Vetting Status: high
Surnamed Julius, son of Atticus the son of Plutarch,[1] a member of the Aeacid family; an Athenian, of the deme Marathon. Sophist. He was extremely wealthy, so much so that he built a stadium and a roofed theatre for the Athenians. His father was governor of Asia, and was included among those who held the consulship twice. He lived under the emperors Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Antoninus, and was taught by Favorinus[2] and Polemo.[3] He wrote Ephemerides, an extremely learned composition, and letters and improvisatory speeches; Philostratus mentions them in the Lives of the Sophists. Hadrian[4] the sophist succeeded him as head of his school. Herodes was a contemporary of the sophist Aristides.[5] Very many other works by him are preserved, in which the greatness and elevation of his spirit can be observed and are displayed throughout. He died of consumption aged about 76.
Greek Original:
Ἡρώδης, Ἰούλιος χρηματίσας, υἱὸς Ἀττικοῦ τοῦ Πλουτάρχου, γένος Αἰακίδης, Ἀθηναῖος, τῶν δήμων Μαραθώνιος, σοφιστής, πλούσιος ἐκ θησαυροῦ γενόμενος σφόδρα, ὥστε καὶ στάδιον κατεσκευάσατο Ἀθηναίοις καὶ θέατρον ὑπωρόφιον. ἦρξε τῆς Ἀσίας ὁ αὐτοῦ πατὴρ καὶ τοῖς δισυπάτοις συγκατελέχθη. ἦν δὲ ἐπί τε Τραϊανοῦ καὶ Ἀδριανοῦ καὶ Μάρκου Ἀντωνίνου τῶν αὐτοκρατόρων, διδαχθεὶς ὑπὸ Φαβωρίνῳ καὶ Πολέμωνι. καὶ ἔγραψεν Ἐφημερίδας, σύγγραμμα πολυμαθές, καὶ ἐπιστολάς, καὶ λόγους αὐτοσχεδίους: ὧν μέμνηται Φιλόστρατος ἐν τοῖς βίοις τῶν σοφιστῶν. διεδέξατο δὲ αὐτοῦ τὴν σχολὴν Ἀδριανὸς ὁ σοφιστής. σύγχρονος δὲ ἦν Ἡρώδης Ἀριστείδῃ τῷ σοφιστῇ. φέρονται δὲ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἄλλα πλεῖστα, ἐν οἷς τὸ μεγαλοφυὲς καὶ ὑψίνουν τοῦδε τοῦ ἀνδρὸς κατανοεῖται καὶ διαδείκνυται. τελευτᾷ δὲ ἀμφὶ τὰ ἓξ καὶ ἑβδομήκοντα ἔτη ξυντακὴς γενόμενος.
c. AD 101-177. See generally RE Herodes(13) = Claudius (72); OCD4 Claudius Atticus Herodes(2); PIR2 C802; Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 2.1.545-566.
[1] See RE Claudius(71). Herodes' grandfather's name was in fact Hipparchus.
[2] [phi 4] Favorinus.
[3] [pi 1889] Polemo.
[4] [alpha 528] Hadrian.
[5] [alpha 3902] Aristides.
Ameling W. (1983), Herodes Atticus, Vols. I-II, Hildesheim
Galli, M. (2002), Die Lebenswelt eines Sophisten : Untersuchungen zu den Bauten und Stiftungen des Herodes Atticus. Mainz
Tobin J. (1997), Herodes Attikos and the City of Athens: Patronage and Conflict Under the Antonines (Archaia Hellas 4), Amsterdam
Keywords: architecture; biography; chronology; constitution; economics; ethics; geography; history; medicine; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 27 February 2000@18:32:55.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@05:51:23.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou (augmented references; added bibliography) on 22 November 2007@07:10:03.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou on 22 November 2007@07:11:25.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 22 November 2007@07:50:10.
William Hutton (added to bibliography) on 23 November 2007@17:10:28.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 20 December 2012@03:37:29.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 1 August 2014@09:41:57.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 December 2014@01:58:31.
Catharine Roth (more coding) on 11 December 2014@01:16:36.


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