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Headword: Ἥρας δὲ δεσμοὺς ὑπὸ υἱέος
Adler number: eta,481
Translated headword: Hera's bindings by (her) son
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Plato [in book] 2 of Republic [uses the phrase].[1] It should be written thus; for in Pindar [it is written] "she is bound by Hephaestus in the chair built by him";[2] which some ignorantly write as "[she is bound] by Zeus." And they say that she was bound for plotting against Heracles.[3] Klemes [recounts this].[4] The story [is found] also in Epicharmus, in [his] Revellers or Hephaestus.[5]
Greek Original:
Ἥρας δὲ δεσμοὺς ὑπὸ υἱέος: Πλάτων Πολιτείας β#. οὕτω γραπτέον: παρὰ Πινδάρῳ γὰρ ὑπὸ Ἡφαίστου δεσμεύεται ἐν τῷ ὑπ' αὐτοῦ κατασκευασθέντι θρόνῳ: ὅ τινες ἀγνοήσαντες γράφουσιν ὑπὸ Διός. καί φασι δεθῆναι αὐτὴν ἐπιβουλεύσασαν Ἡρακλεῖ. Κλήμης. ἡ ἱστορία καὶ παρ' Ἐπιχάρμῳ ἐν Κωμασταῖς ἢ Ἡφαίστῳ.
Notes:
Also in Photius.
[1] In (as here) a generic accusative plural: Plato, Republic 378D (one of the unedifying mythological episodes which will be excluded from the curriculum in the ideal state).
[2] Pindar fr. 283 Maehler. For the legend, see Pausanias 1.20.3 (cf. 3.17.3). See also note 3 below.
[3] According to Libanius, Narration 7 (Foerster vol. 8, pp. 38-39), Hephaestus built a chair to bind his mother Hera in return for her having hurled him from heaven (cf. Homer, Iliad 18.394-405). Ares tried to release her and failed. Then Dionysus made Hephaestus drunk, compelled him to release his mother, and thus became one of the Olympian gods.
[4] This authority is unlikely to be either of the well-known Christian bearers of the name Klemes/Clement, i.e. Clement of Alexandria (OCD(4) s.v.; cited under lambda 257) or Clement of Rome (OCD(4) s.v.), but instead a relatively obscure Platonic commentator. On him see generally A.R. Dyck , "Notes on Platonic Lexicography in Antiquity," Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 89 (1985) 75-88, at 84-86, where the present entry is F2, zeta 13 is F1, and pi 89 is F3. (The historian Clement, kappa 1778, may or may not be the same person.)
[5] For the fragments with additional bibliography, see Kassel-Austin p.50 (Kaibel p.106).
Keywords: comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; mythology; philosophy; poetry; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Craig Gibson on 12 November 2003@11:43:15.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (cosmetics) on 12 November 2003@12:00:49.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference; cosmetics) on 12 November 2003@17:22:24.
David Whitehead (augmented n.4; cosmetics elsewhere) on 15 November 2003@07:41:28.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 May 2007@06:07:22.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.4) on 23 May 2007@08:34:37.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 19 December 2012@05:00:23.
David Whitehead (updated 2 refs) on 3 August 2014@06:13:26.

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