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Headword: Ἡρακλῆς
Adler number: eta,476
Translated headword: Herakles, Heracles, Hercules
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A proper name.
"Herakles possessed an aerial renown."[1] i.e. a large and celebrated one.
During the reign of Minos there appeared Herakles of Tyre, who discovered the dye of the so-called murex from [observing?] a dog bloodstained in the jaws and introduced it to Phoinix the king, who first wore purple.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἡρακλῆς: ὄνομα κύριον. Ἡρακλῆς ἀέριον κλέος ἔσχεν. οἷον μέγα καὶ περιβόητον. ἀνεφάνη δὲ ἐπὶ Μίνωος Ἡρακλῆς Τύριος, ὃς εὗρε τὴν βαφὴν τῆς καλουμένης κογχύλης ἀπὸ κυνὸς αἱμαχθέντος τὰς σιαγόνας καὶ προσήγαγε Φοίνικι τῷ βασιλεῖ, ὃς πρῶτος ἐφόρεσε πορφύραν.
Notes:
For Herakles see already eta 475 and again eta 477.
[1] Quotation unidentifiable. (As Adler notes, once attributed to Callimachus but no longer.) The adjective ἀέριος suggests a relationship with air, whether "high in the air" or "wide as the air" (see LSJ s.v. and alpha 559).
[2] cf. generally kappa 1901, phi 791, phi 792, phi 795, phi 799, phi 801.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; clothing; definition; mythology; poetry; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 28 July 2006@06:21:48.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 28 July 2006@20:57:41.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 30 July 2006@04:44:38.
David Whitehead on 19 December 2012@04:41:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, expanded note) on 14 September 2018@01:10:15.

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