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Headword: Ἡράκλειος
Adler number: eta,466
Translated headword: Herakleios, Heraclius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
became a general in the reign of Zeno.[1] [He was] a man to take risks and to make attempts readily on the enemy; but he did not have forethought in danger, nor did he take counsel before rushing towards what he strove to accomplish, but without consideration he proceeded to action and reckoned awesome forcefulness as the part of a man. This especially caused his downfall later on.
Greek Original:
Ἡράκλειος, στρατηγὸς γεγονὼς ἐπὶ Ζήνωνος, οἷος μὲν τολμῆσαι καὶ πρόθυμος ἐγχειρεῖν ἐς πολέμους ἑτοίμως, οὐ μέντοι τὸ προμηθὲς εἶχεν ἐν τοῖς κινδύνοις, οὐδὲ βουλὴν πρότερον ποιησάμενος ὥρμα πρὸς ὃ ἔσπευδε πράττειν, ἀλλ' ἔξω τοῦ λογισμοῦ πρὸς τὰ ἔργα ἐχώρει καὶ τὸ ἐμπλήκτως ὀξὺ ἐν ἀνδρὸς μοίρᾳ ἐτίθετο. ὅπερ δὴ καὶ μάλιστα αὐτὸν ὕστερον ἔσφηλεν.
Notes:
Malchus fr.5 FHG (4.115-16), still 5 Cresci.
This Heraclius, also known as Heraclius of Edessa, recovered the province Tripolitana from the Vandals under Leo the Great (457-474 AD). In 471 he was involved in murdering Aspar, one of Leo's chief ministers (alpha 4201, alpha 3803), at the emperor's request; and, after Leo's death under Zeno (474-491), Heraclius, then magister militum per Thracias, was killed by Theodoric Strabo, perhaps because of involvement in the murder of Aspar.
This Heraclius was an ancestor of Heraclius the Elder, exarch of Africa under Phocas (602-610), and of his son Heraclius the Younger (see eta 465) who became Byzantine emperor (610-641) after Phocas was overthrown by the devices of Heraclius the Elder.
For more about Heraclius of Edessa, see entries in De imperatoribus romanis at web address 1 on emperor Heraclius and his family, web address 2 on Leo the Great, and web address 3 on Zeno. Compare also Malchus fr. 4 FHG (and Cresci).
[1] Zeno the emperor: zeta 83 and zeta 84.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 September 2006@22:54:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 20 September 2006@03:45:14.
Abram Ring (added bio note, added web refs and extra FHG ref) on 20 September 2006@11:54:32.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 20 September 2006@12:17:40.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 19 December 2012@04:13:05.
David Whitehead (updated 2 refs) on 31 January 2015@08:25:18.
Catharine Roth (modified links) on 13 September 2018@19:26:33.

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