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Headword: Ἡρακλεία λίθος
Adler number: eta,459
Translated headword: Herakleian stone, Heraclean stone
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] Magnesian [stone], which attracts iron.
The Pisidian [writes]: "attracting everyone, like the Magnesian stone, or rather what we should call the Heraclean stone: for he has a rather attractive nature."[1]
Some[2] explained the Magnesian stone as Heraclean because Heraclea was in Magnesia. But others [said] that the [stone] which draws in iron is Heraclean, but the Magnesian [stone] is like silver. Thus Euripides in Oineus [writes]: "searching out the minds of men, as the Magnesian stone draws the opinion and changes it back."[3] He is saying that in this case iron is not being drawn by the Magnesian stone, but the opinion of those who observe, which is led astray as by silver.
The Herakleiotes [were] colonists.[4]
Greek Original:
Ἡρακλεία λίθος: ἡ Μαγνῆτις, ἑλκυστικὴ τοῦ σιδήρου. Πισίδης: πάντας ὑφέλκων, οἷα Μαγνῆτις λίθος, ἢ μᾶλλον εἰπεῖν Ἡρακλείαν τὴν λίθον: φύσιν γὰρ αὐτὸς ἑλκτικωτέραν ἔχει. Ἡρακλείαν λίθον τινὲς τὴν Μαγνησίαν ἀπέδοσαν, διὰ τὸ τὴν Ἡράκλειαν τῆς Μαγνησίας εἶναι. οἱ δέ, ὅτι ἡ μὲν ἐπισπωμένη τὸν σίδηρον Ἡρακλεῶτις, ἡ δὲ Μαγνῆτις ἀργύρῳ ὁμοία ἐστίν: ὡς Εὐριπίδης ἐν Οἰνεῖ: τὰς βροτῶν γνώμας σκοπῶν, ὥστε Μαγνῆτις λίθος τὴν δόξαν ἕλκει καὶ μεθίστησιν πάλιν. οὐ λέγει νῦν ὑπὸ τῆς Μαγνήτιδος λίθου τὸν σίδηρον, ἀλλὰ τὴν τῶν θεωμένων δόκησιν ἕλκεσθαι, πλανωμένων ὡς ἐπὶ ἀργύρῳ. ὅτι ἄποικοι Ἡρακλειῶται.
Notes:
On the Magnesian (magnetic) stone cf. mu 23.
[1] George of Pisidia, Heraclias 3 fr. 43.
[2] This paragraph is also in Photius; and cf. Zenobius 4.22.
[3] Euripides fr. 567.
[4] cf. eta 468.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; mythology; poetry; proverbs; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 October 2005@01:08:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another headword; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 October 2005@03:35:23.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 19 December 2012@03:39:06.
Catharine Roth (tweaked reference) on 27 November 2014@00:17:59.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 12 September 2018@01:23:57.

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