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Headword: Ἡγεμών
Adler number: eta,42
Translated headword: guide
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[ἡγεμών ], [genitive] ἡγεμόνος , [vocative] ὦ ἡγεμών .[1]
"They requested guides for the road to dispatch together with them, in order that they might guide them against Sirmium[2]."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἡγεμών, ἡγεμόνος καὶ ὦ ἡγεμών. ἡγεμόνας ἐδέοντο τῆς ἀτραποῦ σφίσι ξυναποστεῖλαι, ὡς ἂν αὐτοὶ ἡγήσοιντο τούτοις ἐπὶ τὸ Σίρμιον.
Notes:
[1] A paradigm to illustrate the third declension in nasal form in which the last vowel, long in the nominative and vocative, becomes short in the genitive. According to Adler it has a parallel in the Ambrosian Lexicon. The origin could be one of the several grammatical treaties compiled in the imperial and Byzantine periods; e.g. Theodosius, who in περὶ κλίσεως τῶν εἰς ων ὀξυτόνων (Concering declension of the oxytones ending in -ων ) uses the term ἡγεμών in nominative and genitive. Theoretically the vocative should have omicron rather than omega, but neither form seems to be attested before Byzantine times.
[2] The ancient city of Sirmium is present-day Sremska Mitrovica in the NW of Serbia-Montenegro. Barrington Atlas Map 21 grid B5. During the third-fourth centuries it was the chief city of Lower Pannonia. See generally V. Popovic (ed.), Sirmium (Belgrade 1971).
[3] This unidentifiable quotation probably narrates an episode of the seventh-century history of Pannonia, when the Avars occupied it. See generally Menander Protector (to whom Bernhardy attributed this fragment).
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Stefano Sanfilippo on 11 July 2005@14:29:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; modified keywords; cosmetics) on 13 July 2005@05:16:11.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 9 July 2011@22:34:30.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 3 December 2012@06:12:00.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 15 December 2012@01:47:58.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 12 March 2015@16:57:47.

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