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Headword: ᾜομεν
Adler number: eta,408
Translated headword: we were going
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] we proceeded.[1] Homer [writes]: "we were going, as you commanded." From εἴω [which is] Doric for I go, with a change of the diphthong epsiloniota into eta.[2]
Appian [writes]: "Allobriges, a Gallic tribe. Their cities were hard to conquer because they were joined to the mainland and made islands each day by the tides; but they fought from boats. But when Gaius Caesar fixed tall pilings around the cities and attached bridges to the pilings, the waves passed through the pilings under the bridges. For the Romans the work was long-lasting and without fear."[3]
Greek Original:
ᾜομεν: ἐπορεύθημεν. Ὅμηρος. ᾔομεν, ὡς ἐκέλευσας. ἀπὸ τοῦ εἴω, τὸ πορεύομαι Δωρικῶς, τροπῇ τῆς ει διφθόγγου εἰς η. Ἀππιανός: Ἀλλόβριγες, Γαλατῶν ἔθνος. δύσμαχοι δ' αὐτῶν ἦσαν αἱ πόλεις ὑπὸ τῆς ἀμπώτεως ἐφ' ἡμέραν ἠπειρούμεναί τε καὶ νησούμεναι: οἱ δὲ πλοίοις ἐπολέμουν. τοῦ δὲ Καίσαρος Γαί̈ου περὶ τὰς πόλεις σταυροὺς πηξαμένου ὑψηλοὺς καὶ τοῖς σταυροῖς ἐπιθέντος γεφυρώματα, ὁ μὲν κλύδων ἐχώρει διὰ τῶν σταυρωμάτων ὑπὸ τοῖς γεφυρώμασι, Ῥωμαίοις δὲ ἀδεὲς καὶ ἐπίμονον ἦν τὸ ἔργον.
[1] The headword is epic first person plural, imperfect, of εἶμι "I go." According to Smyth (section 776), "the participle, the subjunctive, and the optative [of εἶμι ] are inflected with the thematic vowel; and so also some of the dialectical forms."
[2] Homer, Odyssey 10.251, with scholion. Similar glossing in other lexica.
[3] Not in the editions of Appian available to Adler, but see now Appian, Celtica ch.17.a in Viereck-Roos-Gabba. The name is also found as Allobroges (the version favoured by modern scholars: see e.g. OCD(4) s.v.) and Allobruges.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 16 September 2006@13:17:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified n.3; cosmetics) on 18 September 2006@03:43:41.
David Whitehead (augmented n.3) on 19 September 2006@05:50:06.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 December 2012@03:56:46.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 3 August 2014@06:08:01.


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