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Headword: Ἡγέλοχος
Adler number: eta,36
Translated headword: Hegelokhos, Hegelochos, Hegelochus
Vetting Status: high
A tragic actor. "And we can say, like Hegelochos, 'for out of the billows I see again a weasel [γαλῆν ]'." In reference to those avoiding unpleasantness. For this Hegelochus was acting in Euripides' Orestes[1] when he ran out of breath on this line, "for out of the billows I see again a calm [γαλήν' ]" (i.e. γαλήνην in the plural[2]) and was instantly seen to have destroyed the synaloiphe.[3] Plato too derides this man for having a displeasing voice.[4] [Aristophanes goes on to say] "the Empousa is gone."[5]
Greek Original:
Ἡγέλοχος: τραγῳδὸς ὑποκριτής. ἔξεστι δ' ὥσπερ Ἡγέλοχος ἡμῖν λέγειν, ἐκ κυμάτων γὰρ αὖθις αὖ γαλῆν ὁρῶ. ἐπὶ τῶν διαφυγόντων τὰ λυπηρά. ὁ γὰρ Ἡγέλοχος οὗτος καὶ ἐν τῷ Ὀρέστῃ τοῦ Εὐριπίδου προστάντος αὐτῷ τοῦ πνεύματος ἐν τῷδε τῷ στίχῳ, ἐκ κυμάτων γὰρ αὖθις αὖ γαλήν' ὁρῶ [γαλήνην γὰρ τὸ πλῆρες], αἰφνιδίως ὀφθῆναι συνελόντα τὴν συναλοιφήν. τοῦτον δὲ καὶ ὡς ἀτερπῆ τὴν φωνὴν Πλάτων σκώπτει. ἥμπουσα φρούδη.
Aristophanes, Frogs 303-305 (web address 1), with comment from the scholia there.
[1] Three years earlier.
[2] Actually γαληνός in the neuter plural, at Euripides, Orestes 279 (web address 2). See LSJ s.v.
[3] See generally sigma 1434.
[4] Plato Comicus fr. 215 Kock, now 235 K.-A.
[5] cf. generally epsilon 1049.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; stagecraft; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 June 2004@07:39:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added keyword) on 20 June 2004@01:43:23.
Catharine Roth (set status) on 20 June 2004@01:43:57.
David Whitehead (another headword; another note; cosmetics) on 20 June 2004@04:40:23.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 21 June 2004@01:35:10.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 6 August 2011@20:51:43.
David Whitehead on 3 December 2012@05:46:23.
David Whitehead on 1 January 2015@08:59:51.


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