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Headword: Ἡμιολίαις
Adler number: eta,342
Translated headword: one-and-a-half-bankers
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] pirate vessels.[1] "Swiftly drawing the keletes and the hemiolae over the isthmus, [he] set sail in a hurry to catch the assembly of the Achaeans."[2] And elsewhere: "certain robbers coming with many men and pirate ships to Laconian territory, stopping in the contryside carried away booty."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἡμιολίαις: πειρατικοῖς πλοίοις. ταχὺ δὲ τοὺς κέλητας καὶ τὰς ἡμιολίας ὑπερισθμίσας ἀνήχθη σπεύδων καταλαβεῖν τὴν τῶν Ἀχαιῶν σύνοδον. καὶ αὖθις: λῃσταί τινες εἰς πολυχειρίαν καὶ πειρατικαῖς ἡμιολίαις τῇ Λακωνικῇ προσενεχθέντες, ἐς τὰ χωρία ἐστωσάμενοι λείαν ἀπήγαγον.
Notes:
[1] The headword is dative plural, evidently quoted from somewhere (perhaps, but not necessarily, the second quotation here).
[2] Polybius fr. 162 Büttner-Wobst; quoted again at upsilon 299. For keletes (another type of ship), see kappa 1301. Büttner-Wobst notes (535) that Valesius (Henri de Valois 1603-1676) attributed this fragment to Polybius and that Schweighäuser thought the likely subject to be Philip V of Macedon (cf. OCD(4) p.1129). Walbank concurs (753) with Schweighäuser and further suggests that the time frame of the fragment could be the years 215-214 BCE, a period when many of Philip's movements remain unknown.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable (but perhaps, in view of the vocabulary, Polybius again).
References:
Lionel Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Baltimore 1995) 128-132
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 28 August 2006@14:55:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 29 August 2006@03:23:44.
William Hutton (tweaked tr. and note 2) on 17 June 2009@12:56:03.
David Whitehead (bibliography; tweaking) on 17 December 2012@03:53:56.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added to bibliography) on 6 October 2018@18:09:39.
Ronald Allen (corrected my error: missing definite article n.2) on 6 October 2018@20:22:52.

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