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Headword: Ἥλιος
Adler number: eta,235
Translated headword: Helios
Vetting Status: high
After the death of Hephaistos, the king of Egypt,[1] Helios his son took the rule, living 4477 days, which was 12 years, 3 months, 5 days. For some reckon the days as years, others the cycles of the moon, and others still the 4 seasons. Those who came to power afterwards and brought the country under their control reckoned time by the growth of the crops and called these properly "years". Helios, then, maintained the laws of his father, and denounced his wife when he discovered she had been debauched. Homer changed this to make it poetic, saying that the sun [helios] exposed the fact that Aphrodite had lain with Ares, calling her desire "Aphrodite" and the soldier who was caught with her "Ares".[2]
Greek Original:
Ἥλιος: μετὰ τὴν τελευτὴν Ἡφαίστου, τοῦ βασιλέως Αἰγύπτου, Ἥλιος ὁ υἱὸς αὐτοῦ τὴν ἀρχὴν διεδέξατο, ζήσας ἡμέρας #22δυοζ#, ὡς γίνεσθαι ἔτη ιβ#, μῆνας γ#, ἡμέρας ε#. οἱ μὲν γὰρ τὰς ἡμέρας ἐνιαυτοὺς ἐψήφιζον, οἱ δὲ τὰς περιόδους τῆς σελήνης, ἕτεροι δὲ τοὺς δ# καιρούς. οἱ γὰρ μετὰ ταῦτα δυναστεύσαντες καὶ ὑποτελεῖς τὰς χώρας ποιήσαντες ἀπὸ τῆς αὐξήσεως τῶν καρπῶν τοὺς χρόνους διέκριναν καὶ ἐνιαυτοὺς κυρίως ἐκάλεσαν. ὁ τοίνυν Ἥλιος τὴν τοῦ πατρὸς φυλάττων νομοθεσίαν, εὑρηκὼς μοιχευομένην γυναῖκα ταύτην ἐθριάμβευσεν. ὅπερ μετέβαλε ποιητικῶς Ὅμηρος, ὅτι ὁ ἥλιος τὴν Ἀφροδίτην ἔδειξε μιγνυμένην τῷ Ἄρει: Ἀφροδίτην μὲν τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν καλέσας, Ἄρεα δὲ τὸν μετ' αὐτῆς καταληφθέντα στρατιώτην.
From late historiography, apparently: cf. e.g. [John of Antioch] fr.5 FHG (4.542), now 6.1a Roberto.
[1] See eta 661.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 8.266 ff.
Keywords: agriculture; biography; botany; chronology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; law; mythology; poetry; religion; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 June 2000@12:59:07.
Vetted by:
William Hutton on 13 June 2000@22:49:38.
William Hutton (Changes of wording, keywords) on 13 June 2000@23:00:37.
David Whitehead (added notes; augmented keywords) on 27 May 2003@05:29:16.
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords) on 13 December 2012@06:02:08.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 29 January 2015@09:02:03.
David Whitehead on 22 April 2016@10:16:29.


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